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Minimum Conditions For Sustainable Election

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Robert Mugabe's attempts to force an election without meeting SADC conditions for free and fair elections are likely to hit a brick wall, unless he wants to run against himself in the 2013 election, which he has been known to do.

The MDC has long published in a booklet its Minimum Conditions for a Sustainable Election in  Zimbabwe (coSez).

It states that the country needs a peaceful and legitimate election whose outcome will not be contested, like all the elections that have been held in Zimbabwe - sham elections that have created an unstable State, prone to dislocation, which has has laid the basis of the current fragile and unstable State.

As a result  we have a collapsed economy, sharp decline in our human development indicators and a complete collapse of infrastructure. The net effect of all this is that Zimbabwe as a state has become a liability to its citizens and its neighbours alike.

The next election in Zimbabwe must be sustainable, not challenged and must create a stable and sustainable Zimbabwe able to attend to the core demands of its people on a platform of social justice and social delivery.

In order to create a sustainable election, certain minimum conditions must be met in Zimbabwe and they must deal with the following issues;
a) Implementing the Global Political Agreement (GPA) and all other agreed positions including
implementation of regional and international standards on democratic elections.
b) Putting in place measures to guarantee the security and integrity of the vote.
c) Putting in place measures to guarantee the security of the person.
d) Putting in place measures to guarantee the security of the people’s will.

The next election in Zimbabwe is important because the international community has become exhausted and tired of the Zimbabwean crisis, as Zimbabwe has failed, unlike South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Zambia which have demonstrated that a sustainable electoral process is possible in the SADC region.

On the 29th of March 2007 an Extra Ordinary Summit of the SADC Heads of State and Government in Dar el Salaam, Tanzania acknowledged the existence of a crisis in Zimbabwe and mandated President Mbeki to facilitate dialogue between the major political parties in Zimbabwe with a view to levelling the political playing field and creating conditions for an uncontested election.

Pursuant to this, negotiations for the Global Political Agreement (GPA) started and it was signed on the 15th of September 2008 as a first step in creating the level playing field. In August of 2010, SADC Heads of State and Government met in Windhoek, Namibia and resolved among other things that “the Inclusive Government and the Zimbabwe political parties should find an uninterrupted path towards free and fair elections and the removal of impediments as and when they arise”.

The position of the Windhoek Summit is an acknowledgement that the Global Political Agreement was an important but not sufficient matrix in finding “an uninterrupted path towards free and fair elections.

At its Extraordinary summit in Livingstone on 31th March 2011, the SADC Organ Troika noted with grave concern the polarisation of the political environment in Zimbabwe as characterised inter alia by the resurgence of violence and intimidation, and resolved to appoint a team of three officials to work with JOMIC in ensuring the effective monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the GPA.

The same resolutions were adopted at the SADC Summits held in Johannesburg, Sandton and Luanda on the 12th of June 2011 and 15th of August 2011 respectively, reiterating the importance of following a credible roadmap.

The Obligation to Implement Cognisant of the fact that the GPA was an attempt to create a more even and equal political playing field, it is critical that all parties restate their commitment to the same and implement the same in its entirety.

To date, it is self-evident that the GPA has been partially implemented and serious gaps remain in the majority of the obligations, including neutrality of State institutions, the land audit, media reform, and respect of the rule of law, to name a few.

Clearly, one of the weaknesses of the GPA is the weak monitoring mechanism. JOMIC is not a statutory body and in the absence of statutory powers all it has is a residue of moral legitimacy.

At the same time, whilst the Facilitator, SADC and the African Union are guarantors to the agreement, they do not have a monitoring mechanism on the ground.

JOMIC needs to be strengthened whilst the external guarantors need to be on the ground monitoring. There can be no effective guarantee without a monitoring mechanism.
Implementation of post-Maputo resolutions.

Pursuant to the Maputo Organ Troika Summit of the 5th of November 2009, the parties negotiated 29 key issues and reached agreement on 18 out of the 29 issues and the negotiators forum and at the Principals level on 8th of June 2010 on 24 out of the 29 issues. An implementation matrix was crafted by the Principals, which matrix was subsequently adopted by the Cabinet of the Government of Zimbabwe.

It is regrettable that the agreed matrix has not been implemented. In our view, it is critically essential that the same be implemented as a matter of urgency. Since the signing of the GPA and the consummation of the Inclusive Government, numerous Sadc resolutions on Zimbabwe have been crafted in order to ensure the full implementation of the provisions of the GPA.

However, the actualisation of these resolutions has been slow and erratic. It is fundamental that parties implement the resolutions of SADC before any elections.

On the 22nd of April 2011 the political parties’ respective set of negotiators concluded and signed an agreed road map to the Zimbabwean elections, which identified and defined milestones and signposts that must be executed and implemented before the next harmonized elections.

At the Extra Ordinary Summit of Heads of State and Government held at Sandton, Johannesburg, a resolution was made directing the negotiatorsto place time lines in the road map. This was done on the 6th of July 2011. For the purposes of the next election, it is critically important and a condition for a sustainable election, that the agreed Roadmap be implemented.
The Roadmap defines the following, inter alia, signposts and milestones that have to be implemented before elections are held;
a) The conclusion of the constitution making process and the referendum.
b) The preparation of a Brand New Voters Roll.
c) Implementing key Media Reforms.
d) Implementing Legislative Reforms.
e) Attending to reforms pertaining to Freedom of Association and Freedom of Assembly.
f) Fresh Delimitation of Constituencies
g) Defining measures and procedures to do with the actual election, for instance obliging that the President and the Prime Minister to agree on the date of the election.

Not only should the above signposts of the road map be met but that the parties must conclude negotiations on those areas where agreement is yet to be reached, such as security sector reform and the appointment of new secretariat for ZEC.

Between May and June of 2011 the parties met in Cape Town and Harare to review the GPA. In the process of the review the parties noted with concern many areas of non-implementation and execution and therefore agreed to fully implement the GPA and finalise the Roadmap to elections.

In August of 2006 at a meeting of Heads of State and Government, SADC adopted “its guidelines to elections”. It is important that whatever framework is adopted in Zimbabwe is in compliance with those guidelines and other numerous regional and international standards.

It is the firm view of the MDC that to create conditions for a legitimate election all the above agreements must be implemented. In the case of situations where parties have agreed and put their signatures to a document, surely the parties themselves must implement these agreed positions. In respect of resolutions made by SADC itself, the same must equally implement its resolutions.

Implementing the above is thus a necessary Condition for Sustainable Elections in Zimbabwe
(CoSEZ).

The integrity of any election is underpinned primarily by critical technical and hygiene issues that must bind all parties. The primary technical issue in every election must be the laws that govern that election. Thus, in virtually all democratic countries the Constitution, the Electoral Act, the Media Act and other laws affect the conduct and outcome of an election.

As a condition for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe, it is therefore critical that the issue of the Constitution, Electoral Act, Media Reforms, the Voters’ Roll and prohibitive pieces of legislation such as POSA and AIPPA are dealt with before the election.

Many of these issues pertaining to the security and integrity of the vote are already covered in the Roadmap that has been agreed to by the parties. However, out of an abundance of caution the MDC reiterates the minimum conditions that will guarantee a credible election

The constitution is an important document, a contract defining the processes of power, its distribution and management thereof. For the purposes of an election, the constitution will define key issues such as the electoral system, the date and nature of the elections, who conducts them, the system of government and the manner in which office bearers to the state are elected or appointed.

The new Zimbabwean constitution will thus define a new system, whether; we use the proportional representation, first-past-the-post or some other electoral system. The new constitution should address the character of the legislature, whether or not we have an upper and lower house, and the composition thereof. The new constitution will also define the nature of the executive, whether we have an executive President or not.

It will also define Zimbabwe’s provincial and local governance system and how officials to the same are elected or removed from office. The constitution is therefore a selfevident precondition for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe.

The constitution must thus be drafted and subjected to a referendum as defined in Article VI of the GPA. It is also important that the MDC reaffirms its position that it will NOT participate in an election before the enactment of a New constitution.

Legislative Reform
Once the new Constitution has been adopted it is evident that a reconciliation of existing laws to the new constitutional order must be done.

Furthermore, it is critically important for the parties to have a review of all legislation in Zimbabwe with a view to determining consistency with the constitution and international standards.

Oversight Commissions
The Zimbabwe Media Commission (ZMC), the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) and the Human Rights Commission HRC) will play a critical part in establishing and creating conditions for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe. It is thus important for all these commissions to remain impartial, objective and practical.

The partiality being reflected at the Zimbabwe Media Commission, where various licenses have subjectively been issued to ZANU (PF) related applicants is neither desirable nor acceptable.

The right to Freedom of Association, Assembly and Movement
The experience of the past few years has exposed major weaknesses in the Public OrderSecurity and Act.

The rights to freedom of association, assembly and movement continue to be seriously handicapped. There is therefore need to amend POSA but more importantly to have positive legislation that puts flesh to section 21 and 23 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe before the next election.

Human Rights Commission
The Human Rights Commission has been appointed. It is important that the Human Rights Commission Bill whose principles have been agreed by Cabinet be enacted as soon as possible and thereafter the Commission be empowered to carry-out its mandate of oversight on human rights abuses.

Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act
The Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act, in particular Section 121 has been eclectically applied by the Office of the Attorney General. It is paramount that before the election, this section is repealed.

Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act
The Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act needs to be repealed as it muzzles freedom of information and freedom of the press.

Presidential Powers (Temporary Measures) Act
This is a key law that has been clandestinely used repeatedly during election periods. Evidence of its use reveals that this law gives an unfair advantage to the President’s party. The President literally becomes a competitor and referee at the same time.

It should be a key pre-condition that the use of this law be severely limited or in fact be eliminated during electoral periods unless exercised in circumstances where it is absolutely necessary and only then after consultation and agreement with the other parties.

Electoral Reforms
Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) StaffConstitutional Amendment Number 18 introduced a new Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC). Pursuant to this new commissioners were appointed to the same.

The new ZEC however inherited all the staff of the old electoral commission. Fully aware that the old ZEC and its staff have been at the epicentre of contested elections, it is self-evident that the new ZEC must have the opportunity of recruiting its staff afresh and not be saddled with legacy issues of the past.

Therefore, it is a necessary condition for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe that the new ZEC be authorised to recruit new staff for thesame.

Amendments to the Electoral Law
The Zimbabwe electoral environment is heavily skewed in favour of one political player. The amendments must cover a whole host of areas which include the following;
a) The need for all full audit of the electoral processes at all key stages
b) The need to ensure the timeous announcement of election results by ZEC itself through its Chairman or other Commissioners.
c) The need to ensure the automation and computerisation of all election processes starting with the voters roll and election results.
d) The need to ensure a speedy and impartial resolution of electoral disputes and complaints.
e) The need to ensure the extensive monitoring and observation of elections.
f) The need to ensure that the media have full and unfettered access to the election and
election processes.
g) The need for election agents to have free access to polling stations.
h) The need to ensure free access by all political parties and voters to election
material and election information including the voters roll and details for instance of ballot papers printed.
i) The need to ensure the liberalisation of voter registration conditions.
j) The need to prevent any intimidation at the polling station.
3.8.3. Guaranteeing the Right of Every Zimbabwean to Vote
It is the right of every Zimbabwean above 18 years to vote. This right is sacrosanct. The new section 23 (A) of the Constitution of Zimbabwe implicitly guarantees the right of every Zimbabwean to participate in politics. This in fact also guarantees the right of every Zimbabwean even in the diaspora to vote.

Postal and Special Voting
In the March 2008 elections, William Bango, an MDC candidate for Chikomba House of Assembly constituency lost by 22 postal votes, raising suspicions that the postal voting system has potentially been manipulated to tweak election results.
Postal and special voting in Zimbabwe has been a preserve of a very small group of people in

Zimbabwe, particularly uniformed forces and diplomats. This process has largely been opaque. The need to put clarity and certainty on the use of these forms of voting is necessary. ZEC needs to put in place mechanisms to ensure that this process is it is not abused. There is need for unimpeded monitoring of this voting process by all political parties and other election stakeholders.

The Impartiality and Transparency of the Electoral Management Process
The whole credibility and transparency of an election depends on the integrity and independence of the ZEC. This includes not only re-creating the legal architecture but also ensuring the human agents – not just Commissioners but also that staff are able to exercise independent judgment and work impartially without fear or favour.

Of key importance is ensuring the Commission has financial and resource independence – it
must have sufficient resources to execute its role and interference from politicians must
be eliminated as pre-conditions to a
free and fair election.

Thus it is critical that ZEC be staffed by NEW and civilian employees recruited by the present Commission.

Furthermore, it is critical that no member of the CIO, Police or the Army is involved in the management and execution of any election.

The Voters Roll
It is absolutely important that the ZEC has full ownership and control of the voters roll. This includes the role of carrying out the registration of voters. Thus the development, management and custodianship of the voters’ roll must be a preserve of ZEC only.
It is critical that a NEW voters’ roll be prepared before the new election. The current voters’ roll is laden with names of dead people and contains so many inaccuracies.

Once the new voters’ roll is out, it is important that the same be readily available to the citizens of Zimbabwe free of charge. This also includes the provision of a dedicated website for the voters’ roll.

Delimitation
Once a new voters’ roll has been prepared and new voters’ registration has taken place, a new delimitation exercise must be conducted by ZEC.

The Media
The recently constituted Zimbabwe Media Commission requires enabling legislation to make it fully functional.

A new Board for the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) must be appointed immediately with each party nominating its representative board members on the ratio of 3:3:1(MDC-T; ZANU PF and MDC-N).

Thereafter, the necessary steps must be taken to convert it into a public broadcaster.
A new board for the Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe (BAZ) must be appointed immediately in terms of the law. The Board of BAZ must invite new applications for broadcasting licences and grant the same to qualified applicants in terms of the law.

A new board for the Mass Media Trust must be appointed immediately with each party nominating its representative board members on the ratio of 3:3:1(MDC-T; ZANU PF and MDC-N)

Voter Education
Voter education is a critical component of the electoral process. As such, this process must be open to all electoral stakeholders. Civic groups must be allowed to conduct voter education in an impartial manner.

Proclamation of Elections
In accordance with the provisions of the GPA, the proclamation of an election cannot be a unilateral decision but must be a consultative process. This proclamation must not be determined by time but by the process of enacting a conducive environment for a free and fair election. Elections are not an event but a process.

Guaranteeing The Security of the Person
Corrosive violence has been at the epicentre of unsustainable and illegitimate elections that we have had in Zimbabwe. All the elections we have held in this country (1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2002, 2005 and 2008) have been marred by electoral violence and intimidation that has disenfranchised thousands of Zimbabweans. In the June 2008 run-off election, hundreds of Zimbabweans lost their lives whilst thousands fled from their burning homes and executed livestock.

The MDC will not allow Zimbabweans to participate in another bloodbath such as the one witnessed in 2008. To prevent this, it is fundamentally critical that major reforms and programs are implemented and executed to prevent intimidation and violence

Code of Conduct for Political Parties
It is imperative that soon after the proclamation of the election; all political parties must sign a Code of Conduct making a pledge to upholding the constitution of Zimbabwe and desisting from actions that jeopardises the freeness and fairness of the election. This Code of Conduct must be endorsed by the Facilitator, SADC, AU and the UN.

ZEC needs to be given powers to suspend parties and candidates that do not adhere to this code of conduct.

Election Monitors and Observers
SADC as the Guarantors to the GPA must ensure that Monitors and Observers are in Zimbabwe at least 6 months before the date of an election and at least 6 months after the date of the election.

ZEC must have exclusive control of the accreditation of election observers and monitors. ZEC must also be trusted to execute this power impartially and without interference from politicians and political parties.

Traditional Leaders
The parties agreed in the GPA to “call upon all traditional leaders not to engage in partisan political activities at national levels as well as in their communities.” To this extent, traditional leaders must be apolitical in the exercise of their duties.

Food aid
In the previous elections, food aid has been used as a political tool by Zanu PF. Food aid has been distributed along party lines with the use of the Zanu PF card as a form of access key to get food aid. It is paramount that parties adhere to the GPA which states that, the parties agreed “in the fulfilment of its obligation ….., the Government and all State institutions and quasi State institutions shall render humanitarian and food assistance without discrimination on the grounds of race, ethnicity, gender, political affiliation or religion” and “that humanitarian
interventions rendered by non-governmental organisations shall be provided without discrimination on the grounds of race, ethnicity, gender, political affiliation or religion.”

Security of the Person and Violence
All elections in post-independence Zimbabwe have been marred by violence, coercion and intimidation. This is not sustainable. Equally all elections have been marred by instances where some political parties and individuals have been denied the right to campaign peacefully. It is common cause that certain geographical areas like model A1 and A2 farming areas have been no go areas for a majority of parties.

The law too has been selectively applied and more evidently, the law has not come to the aid of victims of political violence and other illegal or corrupt electoral practices. Thus in creating conditions for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe it is simply critical to define measure to protect the security of the person.

Violence and intimidation are the biggest challenge to a free and fair election in Zimbabwe. It is
important that this corrosive cancer be nipped in the bud by Zimbabweans and indeed the
guarantors to the GPA.

At party level, dialogue and the Inter-Party Liaison Committees established in the current Electoral Act must be actualised. Furthermore, the enactment of the new violence mechanism in the draft Electoral Act must be actualised.

The bulk of violence in Zimbabwe is either State sponsored or State led. It is therefore important for security agents to adhere to the Constitution and the political agreement but more importantly, there has to be Security Sector Realignment.

Strengthening the Joint Monitoring and Implementation Committee (JOMIC)
In order to ensure effective monitoring of the GPA it is imperative that JOMIC be strengthened to enable it to carry out its mandate. To date JOMIC has been hampered by lack of resources, which have restricted its monitoring role in the Districts and Provinces.

There is need to resource JOMIC to decentralise its activities so that it becomes fully functional in all the country’s Provinces and Districts.

Equal and expeditious application of the law
Violence and intimidation take place where a culture of impunity exists and where the rule of law is no longer functional. Where perpetrators of violence are arrested and the law takes its course expeditiously, strong deterrence occurs.

It is therefore important to ensure that the law is applied equally and expeditiously. In this country sadly this has not been the case as only a handful of persons who have perpetrated violence have been prosecuted. The likes of Joseph Mwale and Kainos Zimunya, also known as Kitsiyatota, who murdered our people in the year 2000 are still roaming free despite High Court judgements demanding their prosecution.

Special Courts of Violence
The current law only gives relief to a victim of electoral violence or any other illegal o corrupt electoral practices after an election. This is not acceptable. Special electoral courts must be established in every district or province before an election that will have  extensive powers of dealing with all electoral corrupt and illegal practices before the election.

These courts should be manned by qualified magistrates but under the watchful eye of the Human Rights Commission, which should have the powers of persecuting. The special electoral courts should also have the power of suspending and barring any candidate from contesting an election if convicted of an electoral offense.

Independent Prosecuting Authority
Section 121 of the Criminal Evidence Procedures Act (CEPA) has been routinely abused to detain MDC officials and civil society activists  It is therefore important to establish an independent prosecuting authority separate from the office of the Attorney General to ensure the impartial prosecution of cases. This is critical not just for election sustainability but also for judicial sustainability.

Protecting The People's Will
Recent elections that have been held in the SADC region have demonstrated that there is a deepening of democratic electoral practice and that it is possible to have elections that are violence-free. The recent election in Zambia saw a democratic transfer of power occurring without the unnecessary shedding of blood.

It is important for SADC and the parties to agree on a framework that ensures that if Zimbabwe is to have an election, its outcome is respected and that power transfer is guaranteed. Put
simply, the case of Gbagbo and Ivory Coast must be avoided.

In this regard, it will be important for SADC and the AU to make it clear and unequivocal
that they will not accept any subversion of the people’s will. SADC and AU as guarantors of the GPA and consistent with the AU Charter must make it clear that they will protect democracy.

Security Sector Realignment
“Tsvangirai doesn't pose a political threat in any way in Zimbabwe, but is a major security threat. He takes instructions from foreigners who seek to effect illegal regime change in Zimbabwe. This is what has invited the security forces to be involved because we want to ensure we protect our national security interests. When he said Mugabe must go peacefully or else forcefully, was that democratic or constitutional?

"Daydreamers who want to reverse the gains of our liberation struggle will continue daydreaming. They can go to hell . . . they will never rule this country. "We cannot keep quiet. We will continue speaking and as the security forces, we will not sit back and watch things going wrong." Brigadier General Douglas Nyikayaramba, June 2011.

“This country came through blood and the barrel of the gun and it can never be re-colonised through a simple pen, which costs as little as five cents.” Police Commissioner General Augustine Chihuri November 2010.

Part of ensuring that the people’s will is respected and not subverted is undertaking security sector realignment. The current leadership in the security sector has in the past displayed partisan behaviour. Statements by Brigadier Douglas Nyikayaramba and the Police Commissioner General Agustin Chihuri attest to this as they have publicly pledged their support for ZANU (PF). In our view, the best way to realign the security sector is to retire at the very minimum the Commissioner General of Police Agustin Chihuri and the Commander of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces General Constantine Chiwenga.

In view of the erstwhile public statements by the Service Chiefs reflecting their unwillingness to serve a civilian leader apart from those from one party, they should issue another public statement unequivocally stating that they will uphold the Constitution and support the will of the people.

The State Security Agents have been involved in the perpetration of violence and intimidation and the selective application of the law. It is therefore important that the Police must perform their duties impartially and not have a category called political  violence in which they take no action.

All the military personnel must be removed from the villages and returned to barracks until after the election. Any deployment before the next election must be sanctioned by the National Security Council.

The Ministers responsible for the security portfolios must report to the Prime Minister at the policy implementation and supervisory roles. The Prime Minister must receive security briefs that the President receives.The existence and operations of the Central Intelligence Organisation must be regulated by an Act of Parliament which should be enacted before the next elections.

The Police Service Commission, in particular the Defence Service Commission, the Public Service Commission must be accountable to both Parliament and the three arms of the Executive, namely, the President, Prime Minister and Cabinet, particularly on policy issues such as recruitment, purchase of arms, etc.

A recent independent audit revealed that there are 38 000 ghost workers under the Public Service Commission. Many of these were recruited in the run-up to the June 27 election. Thus any security sector reform in the short term must address the issue of ghost workers who are currently operating as commissars.

CONCLUSION
Zimbabwe has been in a country in perpetual conflict both before and after Independence. Violence has been a permanent feature of the country’s national politics since independence and as a result the legitimacy of successive ZANU (PF) regimes has always been disputed. The war of liberation itself, Gukurahundi in the 1980s, civic protests of the 1990s, chaotic farm invasions that started in 2000 and the attendant violent election campaigns of the same year, the 2002 Presidential Election, Elections in 2005,Operation Murambatsvina in 2005 and the June 2008 Presidential run-off have all been punctuated by violence . Zimbabweans deserve a break from this cycle of violence. Peace and stability are critical if the country is to attain sustainable and inclusive growth.

The GPA and the GNU have provided Zimbabweans and other concerned Africans a genuine opportunity to create conditions for a peaceful transition to country that has been in perpetual conflict. It is thus critical to ensure that the next election is uninterrupted, peaceful and that it will produce an outcome that is legitimate and undisputed.
For and on behalf of the people of Zimbabwe Committing our Party and our Country to GOD

THE PEOPLE’S CHECKLIST FOR A SUSTAINABLE ELECTION
1. Implementation of the GPA and all other agreed positions
2. Implementation post-Maputo resolutions
3. Implementation of the Roadmap
4. Implementation of agreed positions following the review of the GPA in May of 2011
5. Implementing Regional and International Standards
6. The Constitution and the Constitution-Making Process
7. Legislative Reform
8. Oversight Commissions
9. The right to Freedom of Association, Assembly and Movement
10. Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act
11. Presidential Powers (Temporary Measures) Act
12. Zimbabwe electoral Commission (ZEC) Staff
13. Amendments to the Electoral Law
14. Postal and Special Voting
15. The Voters Roll
16. Delimitation
17. The Media
18. Voter Education
19. Proclamation of Elections
20. Political Violence
21. Election Monitors and Observers
22. Traditional Leaders
27
23. Food aid
24. Strengthening the Joint Monitoring and Implementation Committee (JOMIC)
25. Special Courts of Violence
26. Independent Prosecuting Authority
27. Security Sector Realignment
28
ANNEXURES
SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections
3 MANDATE AND CONSTITUTION OF THE SADC OBSERVERS MISSION
4. GUIDELINES FOR THE OBSERVATION OF ELECTIONS
5. CODE OF CONDUCT FOR ELECTION OBSERVERS
6.1 The rights and responsibilities of the SOEM are based on the SADC experience and the AU
7. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE MEMBER STATE HOLDING ELECTIONS
IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX OF THE AGREED ISSUES ZIMBABWE ELECTION ROADMAP WITH TIMELINES
ISSUE ACTIVITY TIMEFRAME A SANCTIONS
SADC RESOLUTIONS
LIVINGSTONE, ZAMBIA; MARCH 31 2011 COMMUNIQUÉ
SUMMIT OF THE ORGAN TROIKA ON POLITICS, DEFENCE AND SECURITY COOPERATION
31 MARCH, 2011 LIVINGSTONE, REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA
LUANDA, ANGOLA; AUGUST 18 2011
COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 31ST SADC HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT SUMMIT
SANDTON, SOUTH AFRICA; 12 JUNE 2011 COMMUNIQUÉ
PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA, 27 JANUARY 2009
Full text of SADC communiqué on the GPA January 27, 2009 SADC Communiqué on Zimbabwe:
MDC ROLL OF HONOUR
The MDC roll of honour recognises the role played by all activists who passed away in the line of duty –
fighting for democracy and a socially just Zimbabwe. Most on this list were murdered in cold blood,
while other members passed away due to injuries sustained from violence. We recognise that we all did
something for democracy, but others gave all. They are our heroes and heroines. We remember them.
We salute them.
1. Alphonso Plaxedes of Dzivarasekwa, Harare was killed on 10 June 2003.
2. Andoche Julius, a farm foreman was shot and killed on 20 April 2000 by Zanu PF militia.
3. Bakari Besta was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Stodart Farm in Shamva on 16 May 2008.
4. Bakacheza Joshua, an MDC driver was abducted by State security agents in Masasa, Harare on 25 June 2008. His decomposing body was on 5 July 2008 in Beatrice.
5. Banda (Mr.) of Shamva was killed on 24 April 2008.
6. Bashitiwayo Moses died after he was assaulted by Zanu PF youths in April 2008.
7. Botha William was murdered by purported war veterans on 23 July 2000 in Marondera.
8. Newman Bhebhe was murdered in February 2002 in Nkayi, Matebeleland North.
9. Solomon Bote was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Musikavanhu Village in Makoni on 17 April 2008.
10. Butao Peter Tom died after he was severely assaulted by Zanu PF militia in Mudzi North constituency on 28 April 2008.
11. Bvekera Kennias of Ward 7 Clearwater area, Chipinge was killed by Zanu PF militia led by one Chikumba on 13 June 2008.
12. Bvumburai Paul of Shamva was murdered by Zanu PF youths in 2002.
13. Chabuka Method was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths in Makoni on 6 July 2008.
14. Chacha Augustus, an MDC activist, was found dead in a dam in Shurugwi on 10 December 2001 after he had been abducted by Zanu PF youths.
15. Chakwenya Tinashe was murdered in Marondera on 4 April 2000.
16. Chakwenya John was beaten to death by Zanu PF supporters on 2 July 2001 in Epworth, Harare.
17. Chaitama Nicholas an MDC supporter and farm worker was murdered in Kariba on 25 April 2000. He was abducted with eight other MDC members by a Zanu PF mob led 50 by Rex Chikwana which took them to Charara Estate. The ZANU (PF) militia. His body was later found dumped in Nyamhunga Township.
18. Chakwenya Tinashe was murdered in Marondera on 4 April 2000.
19. Chambati Milton, an MDC member, was murdered on 23 December 2001 in Magunje.
20. Chaparira Abia died after being tortured by Zanu PF youths and purported war veterans.
21. Chapuranga Lemani an MDC activist was shot dead on 19 November 2001 in Marondera West, Mashonaland East.
22. Chatunga Richard an MDC activist, died on Sunday 27 January 2002 in Buhera from injuries sustained after being attacked by Zanu PF thugs.
23. Chibika Tatenda, an MDC supporter died on 17 April 2008 after a purported war veteran, Richard Makoni shot him at Chibeta Business Centre in Mutoko.
24. Chipiro Dadirayi an MDC activist from Chikowore Village in Mhondoro-Ngezi, died on
5 June 2008 after being attacked by Zanu PF youths. They cut off her hands and feet before burning her alive inside her house. A vehicle owned by Bright Matonga, a Zanu PF MP in the constituency was used in the brutal attack.
25. Chemvura Lameck, a University of Zimbabwe student, died on 24 November 2001 in Manicaland.
26. Cheu Shepherd a headmaster in Mutoko was abducted on 3 June 2008 by a Zanu PF and later found dead with one eye and genitals missing.
27. Chibvamudeve Nikoniari an MDC activist was murdered on 21 September 2002 in Mashonaland West.
28. Chidzidzi Nancy was shot dead by CIO operatives on 31 May 2008 in Rusape.
29. Chigaga Chrispen Chimusoro died on 5 July 2008 after being brutally attacked by Zanu PF members in Mhondoro.
30. Chigagura Zeke was fatally assaulted by people chanting Zanu PF slogans at the Kahobo Business Centre and dumped his dead body in front of the house of the MDC candidate’s campaign manager.
31. Chihuri Taurai was shot by CIO operatives on 31 May 2008 in Mutoko.
32. Chijeke Chrispen an MDC supporter died on 20 July 2000 in Gokwe after being assaulted by a Zanu PF mob.
33. Chiutsi Chrispen an MDC activist was murdered at his home by armed Zanu PF thugs in Mutoko North on 27 June 2008.
34. Chitsa Crispin was assaulted by known Zanu PF youths in Gokwe on 27 April 2000.
35. Chikomba Simbarashe – a high school teacher – at Zuka Secondary, Masvingo was abducted by Zanu PF youths on 14 June 2008 and later found dead on 19 June 2008.
36. Chikova Simba a teacher was abducted from his school in Zaka by Zanu PF youths and beaten to death on 13 June 2008.
37. Chimbarara Shemmy a farm worker died on 8 February 2004 in Chimanimani, Manicaland after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths.
38. Chikwenya Richard Dzokurasa an MDC activist died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 1 May 2001 in Buhera, Manicaland province.
39. Chiminya Tichaona died on 14 April 2000 near Murambinda Growth Point in Buhera North. The vehicle he was travelling in was petrol bombed by a Zanu PF mob led by a CIO operative Joseph Mwale.
40. Chiwara Laban an MDC activist was killed by Zanu PF militia on 7 May 2000 in Harare.
41. Chingombe Darlington was beaten to death by Zanu PF militia in Chirumanzu, Midlands South province on 27 June 2008.
42. Chingozho Sophia died on 8 June 2008 after she was beaten to death at a funeral by a Zanu PF mob in Buhera North.
43. Chipiyo Archford was abducted by State security agents from his father’s house in Chitungwiza on 19 June 2008. He was found dead the following morning. His father is the Mayor of Chitungwiza.
44. Chishamba Morgan, died after he was attacked by Zanu PF youths in Waterfalls, Harare on 19 June 2008.
45. Chinyere (Mr) was pulled out of a bus and beaten to death by Zanu PF militia on 11 June 2000.
46. Chipungu Benson Karome was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Manyika Village in Uzumba on 10 May 2008.
47. Chipunza Takundwa Patrick an MDC activist died on 16 May 2000 in Budiriro, Harare after being attacked by Zanu PF supporters.
48. Chiraradza Mark was beaten to death in Mukumbura, Mashonaland Central province on 5 July 2008 by a Zanu PF mob.
49. Chirima Robson Tinarwo an MDC supporter died in March 2000 in Muzarambani, Mashonaland Central province after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths.
50. Chiriseri Alex was assaulted by Zanu PF militia and soldiers and died on 5 May 2008 in Centenary, Mashonaland Central province.
51. Francis Chinozvina, an MDC activist of Zengeza in Chitungwiza is shot and killed by Zanu PF’s Elliot Manyika on 28 March 2004 on the second day of Parliament polling
52. Chironga Gibbs an MDC activist was killed by Zanu PF thugs on 20 June 2008 in Chiweshe.
53. Chironga Hama was killed by Zanu PF thugs on 20 June 2008 in Chiweshe.
54. Chiroto Abigail the wife of Harare Deputy Mayor was abducted and killed by known Zanu PF youths on 19 June 2008 in Hatcliffe, Harare.
55. Chirozva Phineas was killed in Buhera on 20 June 2008 by a gang of Zanu PF militia led by one army Col. Mzilikazi.
56. Chitemere Mhondiwa an MDC activist was killed in Murehwa South on 30 October 2000.
57. Chitsungo – a village headman – was abducted by Zanu PF youths and later found dead in Uzumba on 20 May 2008.
58. Chihumbiri Eswat was murdered on 23 March 2001 in Muzarambani, Mashonaland Central.
59. Chiwara Laban died on 7 May 2000, Harare after being attacked by Zanu PF militia.
60. Chiwaura Moffat Soka an MDC activist was murdered in Bindura in January 2002.
61. Chisasa Alex a Zimbabwe Republic Police member was murdered in Chipinge South after being accused of being an MDC supporter.
62. Chiyoka Jabulani an MDC councillor was killed in September 2007 in Marondera.
63. Chokururama Better an MDC activist was abducted on 13 May 2008 in Murehwa by CIO agents and was found dead with gun and stab wounds on 14 May 2008.
64. Cobbert Robert Fenwick was murdered on 6 August 2001, Kwekwe.
65. Danda Isaac was stabbed to death by Zanu PF youths led by army Major Moyo at Nembudziya, Gokwe on 8 May 2008.
66. Dofo Fushirayi was assaulted to death by Zanu PF youths on 10 May 2008.
67. Dube Clemence an MDC polling agent was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Poshayi Village in Shurugwi on 28 April 2008.
68. Dube John was beaten to death by Zanu PF thugs on 23 June 2008.
69. Dube Kenias was abducted and found dead in Masvingo on 19 June 2008.
70. Dube Michael died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 1 May 2008 in Shurugwi.
71. Dube Nqobizitha an MDC activist died on 1 March 2002 in Nkulamane, Bulawayo.
72. Dumukani Zondani died on 9 June 2001 in Mbare, Harare.
73. Dube Kennedy was found dead after he had been abducted by Zanu PF youths in Mwenezi on 14 June 2008.
74. Dunn Allan Stewart died on 7 May 2000 in Marondera West, Mashonaland East after being assaulted by Zanu PF agents.
75. Dzenga Livingstone of Uzumba died after being assaulted by Zanu PF militia in July 2008.
76. Dzenga Ratidzai who was pregnant was assaulted and bled to death after Zanu PF militia denied her a chance to seek medical assistance in Muzarabani on 1 April 2008.
77. Dzokurasa Richard an MDC activist was murdered on 30 April 2001in Buhera North.
78. Elsworth Henry Swan died on 12 December 2000 in Kwekwe.
79. Ford Terrance died on 18 March 2002 in Mhondoro.
80. Foster Emmanuel died on 20 January 2003 in Macheke, Mashonaland East.
81. Gambe Farai was shot dead by a soldier in Rusape on 15 June 2008.
82. Gatsi Ernest an MDC activist was murdered on 19 March 2002 in Guruve, Mashonaland Central.
83. Gomo Edwin died on 26 March 2000 in Bindura.
84. Gomwe R (Mr) was axed to death by Zanu PF youths led by army Major Moyo in Nembudziya, Gokwe.
85. Gumure Mafi Tafundikera, 72, of Village 11 B Eagles’ Nest, Headlands was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 25 June 2008.
86. Gumure Aquiline, nee, Sanzvenga, 61, the MDC Headlands district Women’s Assembly leader and wife of the above died on 27 June 2008 after she had sustained head injuries and skill fracture following an attack by Zanu PF youths.
87. Gundo Daniel was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths in Gokwe in July 2008.
88. Pasvani Pamela, nee, Dube wife on an MDC councillor was burnt to death in house in Harare on 8 June 2008 by Zanu PF youths who were driving a car owned by Zanu PF MP Hubert Nyanhongo.
89. Mashoko Nyasha, the child of Pamela (above) was burnt to death together with her mother on 8 June 2008 in Harare.
90. Guvi Obert died on 14 September 2000 in Hurungwe West.
91. Gwaze Tafirenyika an MDC polling agent at Rukwenjere in Mutoko was murdered on 12 March 2002.
92. Gwase Nhamo an MDC youth chairperson for Tayengwa in Murehwa South died at Parirenyatwa Hospital from injuries sustained during an assault by Zanu PF supporters.
93. Gwenzi Gilson was killed on 27 July 2001 in Masvingo, Mwenezi.
94. Hapazari Dumisani a Zesa employee was abducted by State security agents in Chiredzi and later found dead on 4 June 2008.
95. Hativagone Owen was abducted by Zanu PF youths who tortured him by tying bricks to his testicles until he died on 16 May 2008 in Marondera.
96. Jani Sheppard an MDC Murehwa constituency 2008 senatorial candidate was abducted at Murehwa growth point by Zanu PF youths and State security agents and later dead on 24 May 2008.
97. Jeka Petros an MDC polling agent was murdered in Masvingo North on 4 April 2002.
98. Jeke Leo was murdered on 10 June 2000, Chivi South, Masvingo.
99. Jongwe Learmore the MDC national spokesperson and Kuwadzana MP was found dead in his prison cell at the Harare Remand Prsion on 22 October 2002.
100. Jemedze Godfrey was assaulted to death by soldiers and Zanu PF youths in Mazowe on 9 May 2008.
101. Jenti Yuana was abducted from the house of Chitungwiza deputy Mayor, Chipiro by
State security agents and found dead on 19 June 2008.
102. Jerenyama Donald and MDC polling agent was killed on 25 March 2002 in Mutasa, Manicaland.
103. Kaguru Tichaona an MDC activist was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 2 June 2003 in Mbare, Harare.
104. Kahari Chengerai was shot dead by armed Zanu PF militia at Chireka Village, Bindura South on 11 June 2008.
105. Kahari Sam was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths and purported war veterans at Chidembo Village in Shamva on 11 May 2008.
106. Kamuchira Taurai of Nyamujamani School in Ward 7 Headlands was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 30 June 2008.
107. Kamufuto Sairiro was tortured to death by Zanu PF youths and purported war veterans in Mt. Darwin on 13 May 2008.
108. Kamutsanga Tichaona an MDC activist was murdered in Harare North on 5 February 2000.
109. Kanyemba Bloke was abducted by Zanu PF’s Chipangano gang in Mbare and beaten to death on 5 June 2008.
110. Kayembe Remember, 23, was abducted and forced to drink poison leading to his death by Zanu PF supporters in Mazowe 0n 11 May 2008.
111. Kanomera John was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 3 July 2000 in Epworth, Harare.
112. Kanyurira Luckson was killed on 25 April 2000 in Kariba after being abducted by a Zanu PF mob which included Rex Chikwana. His body was found at the side of the road with severe injuries sustained during the assault.
113. Kapfudza Tafirenyika a headman in UMP was murdered by known Zanu PF thugs, Douglas Mutesa and Costan Musariri on 21 May 2008.
114. Kareza Howard an MDC activist was murdered on 13 December 2000, Shamva.
115. Kareza Peter an MDC activist was murdered on 23 April 2000 in Shamva.
116. Kasambarare Mariseni was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 13 May 2008 in UMP.
117. Katema Thomas died on 2 August 2001 in Harare.
118. Katsamudanga Tichaona was murdered on 4 April 2002 in Harare.
119. Katsande Clever was abducted and beaten to death by Zanu PF militia in Mudzi on 27 April 2008.
120. Kauzani Godfrey was abducted by State security agents in Murehwa and was later found dead on 14 May 2008 with gunshot and stab wounds.
121. Kazemba Alex died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths at Dekeya Village in Makoni, Manicaland on 7 July 2008.
122. Khumalo Khape an MDC supporter was killed in Mhondoro on 6 February 2002.
123. Knight Ngoni was abducted by State security agents from the house of Chitungwiza’s deputy Mayor and found dead 19 June 2008.
124. Kombo Samson an MDC activist was killed on 20 January 2003 in Makoni East, Manicaland.
125. Kundishora David died after being forced to drink poison in Mazowe by army Col. Muchanganya on 7 May 2008.
126. Kundishora Nyarai an MDC activist bled to death on 5 May 2008 after being gang raped and vaginal mutilated by Zanu PF militia in Svosve, Marondera East.
127. Luke John was abducted and found dead in Gokwe on 19 June 2008.
128. Lunga Edna was abducted and later tortured with burnt with plastic by Zanu PF youths until she died on 11 April 2008 in Kwekwe.
129. Mavhangira Pepukai was killed by a Zanu PF gang led by army Col. Mzilikazi in Buhera on 20 June 2008.
130. Mabhoyi Norman was killed by Zanu PF youths on 28 May 2008 in Uzumba.
131. Mabika Talent an MDC activist was murdered in Buhera North on 15 April 2000 by CIO operative Joseph Mwale.
132. Mabwera Brighton, 4 years, was burnt to death while sleeping in his parents’ home in Uzumba in April 2008.
133. Machasi Maxwell was murdered by purported war veterans and Zanu PF youths in Buhera on 6 July 2008.
134. Machipisa Elliot, a Zimbabwe Electoral Support Network official was abducted from his house in Hurungwe by Zanu PF youths and found dead on 19 June 2008.
135. Machiridza Tonderayi was killed on 18 April 2003 in Kuwadzana, Harare by the police and soldiers.
136. Madamombe an MDC activist was shot dead at his home by Zanu PF militia in Bindura on 20 June 2008.
137. Madamombe Nguwani was murdered by Zanu PF militia at his Headlands home on 30 June 2008.
138. Madhobha Tapson an MDC polling agent was killed on 2 May 2002 at Gokwe Centre.
139. Madondo Joseph was killed by Zanu PF youths in Bikita in June 2008.
140. Madzivanzira Elias – a headman – of Ward 8 in Shamva North was axed to death by purported war veterans identified as Muroyiwa and Joshua in Shamva on 11 May 2008.
141. Manzvimbo Fanuel a farmer in Hwedza was murdered on 16 September 2001.
142. Mafemeruke Constantine was killed on 19 June 2000 in Kariba.
143. Mafukidze Fibion an MDC councillor was killed on 26 September 2007 in Gutu, Masvingo.
144. Mafuriro Bright was tortured to death by Zanu PF youths in Mt Darwin on 15 May 2008.
145. Magetsi Simba was abducted by Zanu PF militia and later found dead on 19 June 2008.
146. Maguwu Itayi was killed on 27 July 2000 in Dzivarasekwa, Harare.
147. Mahuni Funny was killed on 13 March 2002 in Kwekwe.
148. Majongosi Kudakwashe was murdered by armed men who were driving an army vehicle in Chirumanzi South on 30 June 2008.
149. Makanyisa Chris was killed on 20 June 2008 by a gang led by army Col. Mzilikazi in Buhera.
150. Makewa Moses died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 1 April 2008 in Wedza.
151. Makwanya Tinos was abducted by Zanu PF militia in Masvingo and later found dead on 19 June 2008.
152. Manonera John was killed on 3 July 2001 in Hatfield, Harare.
153. Mandeya Joseph Ketero was killed on 17 May 2000 in Mutasa, Manicaland.
154. Mandindishe Peter was murdered in Bindura on 22 July 2001.
155. Mandizha Sandros of Village 17, Headlands was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 25 June 2008.
156. Manyimo Tennyson died after he sustained a broken neck after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 24 April 2008 in Mbire, Mashonaland Central.
157. Madzuramhende Tennyson died after being assaulted by soldiers and Zanu PF militia in Centenary, Mashonaland Central on 5 May 2008.
158. Manhango Wonder a member of the MDC campaign team was abducted and tortured on 18 June 2000 by Zanu PF supporters. His assailants included Felix Dube, Levy Calias, Mufundisi Siyakofu, and Tobias Magwatu. The Zanu PF supporters castrated Manhango, broke his legs, “bashed in” his head with a hoe handle, and then dumped
him in a ditch. Wonder Manhango died on 26 June 2000 from injuries sustained during the assault.
159. Manyame Ropafadzo an MDC supporter was murdered on 6 January 2001 in Bikita West, Masvingo.
160. Manyara Owen was killed on 17 March 2002 in Mt Darwin.
161. Manyeruke Itai was murdered in Harare on 11 March 2007.
162. Maposa Richard was murdered on 20 January 2002 in Bikita East, Masvingo.
163. Mapingure Atnos was killed on 20 January 2002 at Jerera growth point, Masvingo.
164. Mapulanga Kennedy was abducted and found dead on 14 June 2008 in Mwenezi.
165. Mapuranga Stanford was abducted by Zanu PF militia and found dead on 19 June 2008 in Mwenezi, Masvingo.
166. Mapuranga David Tachiwa was beaten to death Zanu PF militia led by army majors Cairo Mhandu and Maravadza in Mazowe on 5 May 2008.
167. Mapurisa Zvidzai was murdered by Zanu PF militia on 24 April 2008 at Village 21 Gunikuni in Masvingo South who accused him of mobilising people to vote for the MDC in March 2008.
168. Maramba Rosemary, who was six months pregnant, was assaulted by Zanu PF youths at Mutawatawata. Her body was later found dumped at Nhakiwa Village in Murehwa on 20 May 2008.
169. Marangwenda Maxwell was beaten to death on 5 July 2008 by Zanu PF supporters in Buhera.
170. Marera, a teacher, was abducted and beaten to death in Mutoko on 15 April 2008.
171. Mashaka Godfrey was abducted by Zanu PF militia led by Beauty Kunaka and Forbes Mhembere in Mhondoro and beaten to death at Gudo business centre.
172. Marufu Doreen a MDC pregnant activist was stoned to death by Zanu PF supporters at Chiweshe Business Centre in Mazowe on 2 May 2000.
173. Marume Thabitha was shot dead by State security agents at Chiwetu Rest Camp in Makoni West on 25 April 2008.
174. Mashinga Anthony date unknown was killed in Goromonzi.
175. Masango Molly date unknown died in Murehwa.
176. Masuka Albert was killed on 20 June 2008 by a gang led by army Col. Mzilikazi in Buhera.
177. Matanda Taurai was shot by soldiers at Murambinda growth point in Buhera on 24 May 2008.
178. Mataruse Peter was murdered in March 2001 in Mashonaland Central.
179. Matema Hilary was tortured to death by members of the Police Internal Service Intelligence in Guruve on 15 January 2001.
180. Matinyarare David was killed on 1 May 2003 in Mufakose, Harare.
181. Matombo Arthur was beaten to death in Mazowe on 5 May 2008 by army major Cairo Mhandu and Maravadza.
182. Matonganhau Patricia was killed by Zanu PF supporters in Mutoko on 20 May 2008.
183. Matope Kenneth was killed on 13 January 2002 in Guruve, Mashonaland Central.
184. Matyatya was murdered on 27 June 2000 in Gweru.
185. Mazambara Maribha was killed by Zanu PF youths in Bikita in June 2008.
186. Mazava Felix was abducted and killed on 11 September 2001 in Chikomba, Mashonaland East.
187. Mbano Chrison died after a group of soldiers petrol-bombed MDC offices in Zaka on 4 June 2008.
188. Mbewe Samson was killed in Goromonzi on 9 August 2000.
189. Mbwanda Tapiwa, 57, was stabbed to death in Hurungwe East on 5 April 2008. He left behind a wife and three children. Jawet Kazangare and an army Private Peter Madamombe were identified as his killers.
190. Meda Tapiwa was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 5 May 2008 in Centenary, Mashonaland Central.
191. Meza Tafadzwa was shot and wounded by soldiers then followed up and killed by a CIO agent, Sydney Shomweyi in Mudzi on 1 June 2008.
192. Mhete Leonard was murdered by Zanu PF thugs at Chigumisirwa Village, Bikita East on 9 June 2008.
193. Midzi Trymore was murdered by police officers on 23 December 2001 in Bindura.
194. Majoni Simwanja was killed on 15 January 2002 in Kwekwe.
195. Moyo Henry was killed on 7 January 2002 in Masvingo.
196. Moyo Tiziro – teacher – was murdered by Zanu PF supporters in Mwenezi on 11 June 2008.
197. Moyounotsva Amos was murdered by Zanu PF supporters in Chitungwiza on 2 July 2008.
198. Mpofu Muchenje was murdered by Zanu PF supporters on 19 January 2002 in Mberengwa East.
199. Mteta Kingswell a police officer died on 24 July 2008 after being beaten by Zanu PF militia in Mudzi where he had gone to pay his mother a visit.
200. Mtetwa Davis was murdered on 27 April 2002 in Zengeza, Chitungwiza.
201. Mtombeni was abducted in Masvingo and found dead on 19 June 2008.
202. Mubaira Phanuel of Mt Darwin died after being assaulted by Zanu PF militia on 19 May 2008.
203. Mubango Choukuse Nyoka was axed to death by Zanu PF supporters who were using a truck owned by self-styled war veteran Joseph Chinotimba in Buhera on 17 May 2008.
204. Mudzuramhende Patson was beaten to death in Mazowe on 5 May 2008 by Zanu PF militia led by army Major Cairo Mhandu and Major Maravadza.
205. Mudzimuirema Cosamu was murdered on 16 July 2002 in Buhera South.
206. Mudzingwa Mabiko was attacked at Chigumisirwa Village, Bikita East by Zanu PF youths and died from injuries sustained on 9 June 2008.
207. Mugauri Runyararo the MDC youth secretary for Mazowe district died at a Harare hospital on 14 August 2008 from injuries sustained after being severely attacked by Zanu PF youths.
208. Mukaiwa Gloria was heavily assaulted by Zanu PF youths leading to her death on 17 May 2008 in Centenary.
209. Mukakarei Tabudamu was killed on 14 February 2002 in Masvingo.
210. Mukadyata Zava of Masvingo. Date Unknown.
211. Mukova Rodrick died after being assaulted by Zanu PF hooligans at Chimudzi Village in Mwenezi, Masvingo North on 11 June 2008.
212. Mugudoki Rodrick a farm worker was hacked to death by Zanu PF youths in Chikomba on 6 December 2001.
213. Mungazi Victor the MDC Hurungwe district secretary for elections was abducted by Zanu PF youths at Magunje growth point and found dead on 15 June 2008.
214. Mukweli Vusimusi was murdered on 9 September 2001 in Gokwe South.
215. Munyaradzi a farm worker was murdered on14 February 2002 in Marondera East.
216. Mundandishe Peter was killed on 22 July 2001 in Bindura.
217. Mupawaenda Tatukwa Mamhova was killed on 16 February 2002 in Zvimba South, Mashonaland West.
218. Mupesa Ndonga was killed on 30 March 2001 in Muzarabani.
219. Murunde Tembo was killed by a Zanu PF gang led by Newton Kachepa in Mudzi on 15 April 2008. They broke his legs and he died on his way to hospital.
220. Musafara Mudimu was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Manyika Village in Uzumba on 10 May 2008.
221. Mushaya Mationa, a village head, was beaten to death by Zanu PF militia on 17 May 2000 in Mutoko. The assailants were identified as Enock Kuchiva, Nyepanayi Chipuriro, Rise Chifondya, Garikai Gumbedze, Andrew Chipamando, Taurayi Nhari, Macheka Chingwena, and Lazarus Chifodya.
222. Mushaya Onias was murdered on 17 May 2000 in Mutoko. The assailants were identified as Enock Kuchiva, Nyepanayi Chipuriro, Rise Chifondya, Garikai Gumbedze, Andrew Chipamando, Taurayi Nhari, Macheka Chingwena, and Lazarus Chifodya.
223. Mushaike Munoda died after being attacked by Zanu PF youths in Guruve on 2 July 2008.
224. Mushayahembe Ruth was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 10 May 2008 at Chimbwanda Village in Uzumba.
225. Mushonga Delite died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 11 June 2008 in Epworth, Harare.
226. Musekiwa Nhamo died on 24 October 2007 at a hospital in Johannesburg, SA.
227. Musiiwa Lewis died from injuries sustained after being assaulted by Zanu PF militia in Chiweshe on 30 June 2008. 228. Musoni Robert died on 26 March 2000 in Chiweshe.
229. Mutadza Gwindiri died on 7 July 2008 in Mudzi West.
230. Mutemaringa Fungisai died on 27 January 2002 in Murehwa.
231. Mutewe Reuben was killed by army paratroopers identified as Patrick Chimbare, Enos Chimbare and Funny Mambare in Buhera on 12 July 2008.
232. Muteta Kingswell a ZRP officer was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 25 June 2008 in Mutoko. He had visited his mother when a Zanu PF mob accused him of being an MDC activist before assaulting him to death.
233. Mutsvungunu Gift’s heavily tortured body was found on 12 July 2008 in Kuwadzana, Harare after he had been abducted by unidentified men in police uniform.
234. Mutyanda Mandishona an MDC activist was murdered on 29 June 2000.
235. Muza Sage died after being assaulted by police at Hoyuyu in Mutoko on 8 May 2008.
236. Muzenda Tawanda Muchenei died in 2002 in Masvingo.
237. Muzondiwa Takawira died after Zanu PF supporters attacked him at his home in Mberengwa on 5 July 2008.
238. Mwanza Misheck died on 4 May 2001 in Zvimba.
239. Mwaripa Svikai of Masvingo died in 2002.
240. Ngamira Genus an MDC activist was murdered on 5 May 2002 in Bindura, Mashonaland Central.
241. Nyamukada Manyuke, 40, of Manyika Village in Uzumba died at Gelfand Hospital in Harare on 24 May 2008 after he had been brutal assaulted by Zanu PF supporters on 22 May 20008. His homestead was also razed to the ground.
242. Catherine Makwenjere of Mwenezi died on 29 April 2008 at Morgenster Hospital in Masvingo after Zanu PF supporters had assaulted her accusing her of voting for the MDC.
243. Ncube Richard died on 18 July 2002 in Zhombe, Midlands.
244. Ncube Sambani died on 17 March 2002, in Hwange.
245. Ncube Mthokozisi died on 26 January 2002 in Pelandaba, Bulawayo.
246. Ndahwi Manomano was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 28 June 2008.
247. Ndira Tonderai was abducted from his Mabvuku home in Harare by armed State security agents on 4 June 2008 and was found dead on 15 June 2008 in Goromonzi. He had gunshot and stab wounds.
248. Ngowani Hama died from injuries sustained after being assaulted by Zanu PF militia on 30 June 2008.
249. Ngundu Sheppard was murdered on 5 February 2002 in Mt Darwin, Mashonaland Central.
250. Ngwerume Edson died after the offices the MDC that he was guarding were petrol bombed by men in army uniforms.
251. Nhende Daniel died after being abducted and assaulted by Zanu PF youths in Epworth on 8 June 2008.
252. Nheya Titus an MDC activist died on December 2001 in Hurungwe West
253. Nhitsa Takesure an MDC activist died on 20 February 2002.
254. Nyadedzi Action who was abducted by Zanu PF youths was found dead on 20 May 2008.
255. Nelson Emmanuel was stabbed to death on 4 May 2002 by Zanu PF youths at Hopley Farm, Harare South and died in hospital on 9 May 2008.
256. Nyamupfungwe Emmanuel was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths led by army Col. Mzilikazi on 20 June 2008 in Buhera.
257. Nemaire Solomon died on 23 January 2002 in Makoni, Manicaland.
258. Neshamba Joshua died after his testicles were tied to bricks in June 2008 by army Col. Mangachena at Neshamba Village, Marondera West.
259. Daniel Nhende of Epworth was attacked by a group of Zanu PF supporters on 5 June 2008 who accused him of supporting and voting for the MDC.
260. Nyamwa Washington was killed after the MDC offices he and three others were in at Jerera Growth Point in Zaka were petrol bombed by men driving an army truck on 3 June 2008.
261. Nyevhe Cain was found dead on 14 May 2008 in Goromonzi district after he had been abducted by State security agents in Murehwa. Nyevhe had gun and stab wounds.
262. Nyagupe Gilbert a well-known MDC activist from Nyagupe Village in Kotwa, Mudzi was axed to death by Zanu PF youth militia and one of them was identified as Jessie Nhau.
263. Nyambirai Winnie of Guruve, Mashonaland Central was killed on 18 May 2001.
264. Nyandoro Gibson of Epworth was abducted and his body found dumped in a dam in Norton in May 2008.
265. Nyamukapa Manyuke was abducted by Zanu PF youths and later found dead in Uzumba on 20 May 2008.
266. Nyika James died in an arson attack after a group soldiers petrol-bombed MDC offices that he was sleeping in at Jerera Growth Point in Zaka, Masvingo on 4 June 2008.
267. Nyika Rambanapasi an MDC activist died on 24 December 2001 after his head was smashed by a Zanu PF supporter who was using a blunt object.
268. Olds Martin a commercial farmer was murdered on 15 April 2000 in Nyamandhlovu, Matebeleland by war veterans.
269. Pfebve Matthew was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 30 April 2000 in Mt Darwin. The cause of death was “massive brain injury from trauma, laceration of the right lung, and assault.” The hit squad, formed at a meeting chaired by the Zanu PF candidate— Border Gezi—included John Karikoga, Shepherd Kararira, M. Mapundu, W. Mapundu, C. Kavaranje, and P. Pfudza.
270. Pilosi Simon was murdered on 26 March 2002 in Zvimba by Zanu PF youths.
271. Phiri Francis was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths in July 2008 in Mashava.
272. Romio Edwin an MDC polling agent was beaten to death in March 2000 by Zanu PF youths in Mutoko.
273. Rukara Kufa was murdered on 19 November 2001 in Silobela, Midlands North province.
274. Runzirwai Irene an MDC activist from Bindura died from injuries sustained after she was attacked by Zanu PF youths on 7 July 2008.
275. Rukuni Thadeus an MDC parliamentary candidate was beaten to death in Bikita East on 29 May 2000.
276. Sabira Trymore was killed by a Zanu PF gang led by Col. Mzilikazi on 20 June 2008 in Buhera.
277. Sibanda Dickson was murdered by armed war veterans on 3 July 2008.
278. Sibanda James was murdered in Nkayi, Matebeleland North in February 2002.
279. Sibindi Halaza was killed on 30 January 2002 in Tsholotsho, Matebeleland North
280. Sibindi Joseph was killed on 29 January 2002 in Bulawayo.
281. Sicwe Jameson was killed by war veterans on 29 January 2002 in Lupane, Matebeland North.
282. Sikhucha Ravengai died on 10 November 2001 in Mberengwa East.
283. Singende was abducted from his home in Gutu by Zanu PF militia and taken to their base, where his testicles were tortured until he died on 21 June 2008.
284. Stevens David a commercial farmer was murdered in Macheke in April 2000.
285. Sanyamahwe Kuziva was murdered on 18 January 2002 in Murehwa South.
286. Sibanda Charles an MDC activist died on 2 March 2002 in Zhombe, Midlands.
287. Sibindi Joseph an MDC activist died in January 2002.
288. Sigauke Charles was murdered by Brighton Muchuwa a Zanu PF thug in Chimanimani on 24 December 2007.
289. Sikucha Ravengai an MDC supporter was killed 10 November 2001 in Mberengwa East, Midlands.
290. Tadyanemhandu Tichaona was killed on 20 June 2000 in Hurungwe East.
291. Taero Crispen was assaulted to death by the CIO agents and Zanu PF supporters in April 2008.
292. Takaendesa Clement was shot dead on 25 October 2007 in Kwekwe.
293. Tandare Gift was shot dead by the police on 11 March 2007 at Zimbabwe Grounds in Highfield, Harare.
294. Tapera Wiseman was beaten to death by Zanu PF supporters in Mutoko on 8 April 2008.
295. Tawengwa Gift was beaten to death by Zanu PF militia in Chiweshe on 30 June 2008.
296. Tawengwa Gibbs brother to Gift also died from injuries sustained after being attacked by Zanu PF militia in Chiweshe on 30 June 2008.
297. Tembedza Martha died on 23 August 2008 after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths in Marondera.
298. Tongodiwa Maxwell Magoche of Chibero in Mashonaland West died from injuries sustained after being attacked by Zanu PF militia in June 2008.
299. Tonera Stephen an MDC activist was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 20 March 2003 in Seke.
300. Vhekavheka Darlington MDC activist killed in Marondera on 15 March 2002.
301. White Fanuel an MDC polling agent was murdered in Guruve on 29 March 2002.
302. Zaya Edson was assaulted by Zanu PF youths and purported war veterans in Shamva and died on 16 May 2008.
303. Zhou Fainos Kufazvinei died after being tortured at Texas Farm in Mberengwa on 10 June 2000 in Mberengwa East by Zanu PF’s Biggie Chitoro.
304. Zhuwawo Bigboy was abducted and murdered by Zanu PF militia led by Chief Chisekete in Muzarabani on 27 April 2008.
305. Zindomba Taurai died after he was attacked and his intestines pulled out by Zanu PF supporters in Makoni on 27 June 2008.
306. Ziome Fungisai was found dead on 23 July 2008 after she had been abducted by Zanu PF supporters in Glendale.
307. Ziweni Osborn was shot and killed on 18 August 2001 in Bikita West.
308. Zireni Tonderai, 3 years old, was burnt to death after Zanu PF youths torched his parent’s home in Zimunya, Mutare on 8 May 2008.
309. Zihwihwi Francis councillor for Ward 23 in Chiwara, Gutu was shot dead by retired major Oscar Madombwe, the husband of Zanu PF’s Shuvai Mahofa in Gutu, Masvingo on 21 June 2008. Mahofa is the Zanu PF losing parliamentary candidate for Gutu South in the March 2008 elections.
310. Ziyengwa Robert an MDC ward chair was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths in Headlands on 25 June 2008.
311. Ziyengwa Jessica was beaten to death together with her husband above on 25 June 2008 in Headlands.
312. Zvavamwe Kidwell was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at his home in Shamva on 27 May 2008. He was attacked in front of his wife Lucia Mukaru and their three children.
313. Zvidzai Mirai was murdered by Zanu PF supporters on 11 June 2008 in Masvingo.
314. Zinatha Tazvishaya of Ward 18 Gutu East in Masvingo died at Parirenyatwa Hospital in Harare on 2 June 2009 from injuries sustained in June 2008 when he was attacked by Zanu PF hooligans.
315. Edwin Chingami, 32, an MDC election observer in the 2008 elections was murdered on 29 August 2009 at a funeral in Ward 8, Chirove Village in Bikita West, Masvingo Province.
316. Chrispen Mandizvidza, 32, An MDC activist died at the Avenues Clinci after succumbing to injuries he sustained when he was assaulted by Zanu PF hooligans at a Copac outreach meeting at Mai Musodzi Hall in Mbare on 19 September 2010.
317. Anna Mubayiwa,
318. Innocent Muzuva,
319. Alex Magunda,
320. Loveless Sango

 

Civil society also published similar minimum condition here



Tendai Biti's What Is To Be Done

BitiYouTube

Tendai Biti, MP Secretary-General of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) outlines his vision how Zimbabwe can move out of its current political impasse.

One hour, but good quality and well worth making a cup of tea and listening, or even inviting a few comrades over for a discussion, or even organising a workshop around! Click Pic or Here To Listen

30846 050912


 

 

 

Victims of Political Violence Fighting From Their Graves

By Farai Maruzani

Image28/11/2009Chief Nyashanu photographed two weeks ago. He is dealing with avenging spirits on a daily basis.

If the experiences below by a credible witness writing from Masvingo are anything to go by, Zanu (PF) and the Joseph Chinotimba's and Major Mzilikazi's of this world  will be begging for the National Healing and Reconciliation Ministry to start its work, sooner rather than later.

Our writer was recently in Buhera, and her report shows that the violence depicted here in a documentary film, was only a tip of the iceberg of the violence that was actually seen by villagers who dared reject Zanu (PF). But justice is catching up. She writes: Image

I was in Buhera two weeks ago where I attended Senator Muzerengwa’s victory celebrations. I noted that the MDC has so penetrated into the rural area that ZANU PF would not be able to regain its 1980 popularity. In 1980 Masvingo was proudly a one-party (Zanu-PF) province, but MDC has taken Buhera, never to support ZANU PF again, despite all the harassment, rape, murder and violence by ZANU-PF sponsored thugs.

It was clear that Buhera constituency is now solidly behind Morgan Tsvangirai, and this includes traditional leaders who attended the MDC function and addressed the 20 000 strong crowd on October 11. There were no less than 200 traditional leaders, including headmen and chiefs.

Muzerengwa, a member of the apostolic sect with more than ten wives and 100 children, romped to victory as senator in the last elections on an MDC ticket. His victory was a bitter blow to ZANU PF as Chinotimba had waged a reign of terror in the area, but still lost by a wide margin.

Chinotimba and his thugs had killed people, robbed villagers of their livestock and food and raped women. Chinotimba and ZANU PF did their worst and lost elections but Muzerengwa and MDC did their best and won the elections.

Being from the city I was surprised at the confidence shown by MDC members during the celebration,; there was no usual fear of having the rally being possibly disrupted by hired Zanu PF thugs. One MDC chairman said ZANU PF no longer has the capacity to terrorise anyone in Buhera.

In fact, he said, the people of Buhera were getting protection from a very unlikely quarter, making it impossible for ZANU PF to ever terrorise anyone again. The Avenging Spirit, traditionally known as Ngozi was said to be protecting MDC supporters very effectively. For Ngozi, said the chairman, surely Mugabe has no answer.

ImageThose who perpetrated acts of murder before, during and since the June 2000 elections are now being openly haunted by ghosts and the spirits of their victims, and nether Robert Mugabe, nor ZANU PF wanted to see these unfortunate thugs any more.

Steven Mambire, an MDC candidate who lost to Kumbirai Kangai in the violence of the last election, with other guests at the celebrations in Buhera two weeks ago.

The spirits and the ghosts are demanding up to 100 heard of cattle per murder victim. There are also serious consequences to the whole family (in some cases the clan) if their demands are not met.

The following accounts are true and the names of people involved are real, as I discovered in my own investigations. The spirits of the murdered victims are now up against the murderers who killed them and even Chinotimba cannot deal with this problem.

Murder Victim Number 1 - Mr Chokuda

In the June 2008 Presidential run off, Mr Chokuda, the headmaster of Murove School, was a Presiding Officer at Chimbudzi Township in Buhera Central Constituency, the same constituency as his school. On the last day of the run off, a ZANU PF thug and also a pastor of Mwazha Church, named Madziturira, lead a group of ZANU PF thugs including Zebedia Manhopo, Xerviar Marwizi, one Basopo and others.

Marwizi is a teacher in Buhera and owns a shop at Muzokomba Township. They caused havoc at the polling station and all polling agents fled, but Mr Chokuda stood his ground and refused to run away. The ZANU PF thugs forcibly force marched Chokuda into bushes, brutally assaulting him on the way. He was accused of supporting the MDC. In the bush Mr Chokuda was further assaulted until he died. To cover up, Marwizi and Madziturira hung Chokuda in a tree and left.

He was discovered the next day and hastily buried in Zangama Village without any post mortem being done.

Chokuda’s avenging spirit (Ngozi) is hitting hard on Basopo. His daughter was possessed by Chokuda’s avenging spirit and the spirit demanded to know why Basopo murdered him (Chokuda). The spirit demanded 65 head of cattle and all the payment Basopo received from Chinotimba and ZANU PF for murdering him.

The spirit demanded this through his (Basopo) own daughter. Basopo went to Chinotimba but Chinotimba refused to help him saying that he needs to sort out his problems alone as he never asked him to go and kill people. Basopo took his daughter to Chipinge and performed rituals there. The Ngozi temporarily stopped but a few weeks later the spirits (Chokuda’s) possessed another child, this time his (Basopo’s) brother’s daughter making similar demands on Basopo.

This time the spirit threatened the whole Basopo family and on the 25th of September 2009 Basopo paid Chokuda’s family in Zangama village 19 cattle. This payment was presided over by chief Nyashanu and headman Mushumbandaita.

The Ngozi said that the balance must be paid this year and was following the next person on its list naming Xavier Marwizi, Madziturira, Munhopo, Charles Tsanana, Amos Marowa and others.

These people are in line for serious punishment by Chokuda’s Ngozi. These are in serious trouble and ZANU PF and Chinotimba no longer want anything to do with them. Chinotimba referred them to Kumbirai Kangai whom he said was commanding their group. Kangai never responded to Basopo’s call for help. The moment of truth has come. These people are in trouble. Deep trouble.

ImageIf Basopo fails to pay the balance then there would be grave consequences for him and his family. Basopo is frantically looking for 30 head of cattle to appease Chokuda’s spirit (Ngozi). Marwizi, Madziturira, Munhopo, Tsanana, Marowa have disappeared.

 

Murder Victim Number 2: Nyoka Chikuse

 

On the 18th of June 2009 Chinotimba mobilised youths and women to murder MDC supporters in Buhera constituency. Mobilsed and raring to go were Munhopo, Mai Chimuso, Amos Marowa, Johntime Chingwidzi, and police officers Dick and Chitima from Muzokomba Police Station.

Guests at the MDC Senatorial victory celebrations

These were accompanied by over 1 000 youths. This operation was overseen by Colonel Mzilikazi from the Mutiusinazita Command Centre, with Joseph Chinotimba as field Commander. A decision to kill MDC chairman Nyoka Chikuse was made.

In a military style operation ZANU PF thugs went and circled the village where Nyoka Chikuse lived. Nyoka Chikuse was MDC chairman for ward 27 of Buhera. MDC supporters ran away into the mountains but Nyoka did not run away.

Nyoka was simultaneously attacked by one thousand ZANU PF thugs.

He tried to fight back but was overpowered. He ran into his Blair toilet at his homestead and the youths attacked the toilet with stones. Rocks rained on the Blair toilet until its concrete roof collapsed crushing Nyoka Chikuse, breaking his back paralysing him.

While he was still alive alive a ZANU PF thug called Tindomuona Magoronya gorged out Chikuse’s two eyes using a Swiss knife. Nyoka became blind immediately. Magoronya used an axe to break Chikuse’s leg and arm bones. They then dragged him (tied behind a 4X4 vehicle) to a base 20 miles away at Mutiusinazita where Colonel Mzilikazi was.

At the base was also Mathias Manjokota and Marupia Marowa and others. These were feasting on meat they had confiscated from villagers.

On Colonel Muzilikazi’s orders, Nyoka’s body was paraded and villagers were forced to come and see a dead MDC chairman. Those who refused were brutally beaten up. Chinotimba and Madziturira and some youths took Nyoka’s body to Birchnough bridge mortuary. Nyoka did not sleep in the mortuary. He was seen seated in the mortuary, he displaced other bodies and to the horror of hospital staff he was also seen outside the locked mortuary and his body had to be taken back into the mortuary a number of times after mysteriously escaping from there.

The avenging spirit of Nyoka Chikuse is now on the war path.

His ghost has physically visited Marupiya Marowa, Madziturira, Manhopo and ai Stella Chimiso. Mai Chimiso has been recently divorced by her husband due to this Ngozi affair.

After being visited by the Nyoka ghost, Chinotimba called a rally at Mutiusinazita Township on 13 September 2009 and asked youths who are courageous to stand up. He asked those who are courageous to go to Mtisi shop inside a durawall.

Chinotimba followed the youths with a n’anga and shouted ‘Nyoka Chikuse vanhu vakakuuraya avo please rega kunditeverera. Teverera vanhu avo siyana neni’ (Nyoko Chikuse these are the people who killed you. Please leave me alone) He said this pointing the group of youths that he had told to go to into Mtisi's shop.

After this Chinotimba immediately abandoned the rally got into his car and went to Harare. He has not seen in Buhera South again.

 

Murder Victim Number 3, Mr Sibamba

 

In June 2008 ZANU PF set up bases but they wanted food and meat which was not easily available. There was a base at Jori Business Centre. So they started raiding villagers and looting people’s property and livestock for meat.

Hungry ZANU PF youths trooped to Mr Sibamba’s house and demanded a goat of their choice. Sibamba told them to go and collect a goat of their choice from the pen. When the youths went to the pen they were attacked by the goat they wanted to rob and one of the thugs (Mahumberu) was seriously injured on the thigh.

They were very angry and went back to Sibamba demanding to know why his goat had attacked them accusing him of witchcraft. Sibamba was very badly beaten and taken to the base while being subjected to horrific beatings on the way. At Jori Business Centre, Sibamba was said to have committed a very serious crime and was referred to Mutiusinazita where Chinotimba and Colonel Mzilikazi were, for more serious beatings. This was known as the Mutiusinazita Command Centre.

On the way Sibamba said he was tired but he was subjected to more beatings. One ZANU PF thug, Peter Mudekunye took an empty sack (saga) and put cold powdered ashes (madota) and forced his head into the sack. They tied the bag on the neck and subjected him to more brutal beating and this time he was suffocated.

ImageSuddenly a black bull appeared and chased Peter Mudekunye (ZANU PF thug) away from Mr Sibamba. When Peter and other youths ran away the bull disappeared. That's when they knew that Mr Sibamba has died. They left his body there and ran away. Some good Samaritans picked up Sibamba’s body and took it to Birchnough Bridge Mortuary.

Sibamba’s sons are in the military and police forces. They went to Muzokomba police Station and they were told that their father was killed by MDC supporters, but they did not take the explanation. They said that the police must find their fathers real killers.

One week after this murder Mr Sibamba’s ghost visited Mr Mahumberu (father of the man who was attacked by the goat). Mr Mahumberu knew Sibamba well for decades as they lived in the same area. Mr Mahumberu is a rural business man and has a shop at Chapanduka Business Centre. That is where the Sibamba ghost chose to visit him.

Mr Mahumberu was just bringing in his goods into the shop which he had ordered from a wholesaler in Mutare. He left his merchandise in the shop in a haphazard manner, but when he came back the next day the goods were nicely packed on the shelf.

While he was still in this surprised state, Sibamba’s ghost appeared in the shop and demanded that Mahumberu would sell one side of the shop and he would sell the other side.

The ghost demanded to know why his son participated in his (Sibamba’s) killing. The ghost warned that serious consequences are in the pipeline. The ghost went on to visit Peter Mudekunye and demanded 100 head of cattle but Peter ran away to Masvingo where he has a house in Mucheke Township.

Sibamba’s ghost followed the next day and Peter was not at his house in Masvingo. The ghost left a message with neighbours who did not know that they were talking to a ghost. The ghost said that ‘Please tell Peter that I am looking for you. You can run but you cannot hide’ The ghost vanished. Peter received the message, but he has disappeared, with some saying he has gone to South Africa.

Chinotimba

Chinotimba and ZANU PF do not have an answer for this problem they face. Ngozi is a feared spirit and it is deadly. ZANU PF knows that. There is noone now in Buhera who wants to be used by ZANU PF and disposed to face Ngozi alone by ZANU PF.

However there are reports that Chinotimba returned to Buhera last week telling people that if they do not want to be troubled by Ngozi they need to drink a bit of the blood of their victims after murdering them.

Chinotimba has forgotten all about AIDS and HIV and is conveniently forgotten that ‘mushonga wengozi kuiripa’ (An avenging spirit is only appeased by paying)

When elections come again Chinotimba would lie to youths that if they drink the blood of their murder victims they would be fine, clearly putting the young thugs at risk of the diseases they risk to contract.

ZANU PF does not have the interests of anyone at heart.

Do not be used to commit crimes by these failed politicians. You would end up like Madziturira, Zebedia Munhopo, Xaviar Marwizi, Basopo, Mai Chimuso, Amos Marowa, Johntime Chingwidzi, police officers Dick and Chitima, Joseph Chinotimba, Colonel Muzilikazi,Tindomuona Magoronya, Mahumberu, Peter Mudekunye who are facing Ngozi alone with their families.

Feeding time at the Muzerengwa victory celebration in Buhera last week. Thanks to our Masvingo correspondent. 

Robert Mugabe's attempts to force an election without meeting SADC conditions for free and fair elections are likely to hit a brick wall, unless he wants to run against himself in the 2013 election, which he has been known to do.

The MDC has long published in a booklet its Minimum Conditions for a Sustainable Election in  Zimbabwe (coSez).

It states that the country needs a peaceful and legitimate election whose outcome will not be contested, like all the elections that have been held in Zimbabwe - sham elections that have created an unstable State, prone to dislocation, which has has laid the basis of the current fragile and unstable State.

As a result  we have a collapsed economy, sharp decline in our human development indicators and a complete collapse of infrastructure. The net effect of all this is that Zimbabwe as a state has become a liability to its citizens and its neighbours alike.

The next election in Zimbabwe must be sustainable, not challenged and must create a stable and sustainable Zimbabwe able to attend to the core demands of its people on a platform of social justice and social delivery.

In order to create a sustainable election, certain minimum conditions must be met in Zimbabwe and they must deal with the following issues;
a) Implementing the Global Political Agreement (GPA) and all other agreed positions including
implementation of regional and international standards on democratic elections.
b) Putting in place measures to guarantee the security and integrity of the vote.
c) Putting in place measures to guarantee the security of the person.
d) Putting in place measures to guarantee the security of the people’s will.

The next election in Zimbabwe is important because the international community has become exhausted and tired of the Zimbabwean crisis, as Zimbabwe has failed, unlike South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Zambia which have demonstrated that a sustainable electoral process is possible in the SADC region.

On the 29th of March 2007 an Extra Ordinary Summit of the SADC Heads of State and Government in Dar el Salaam, Tanzania acknowledged the existence of a crisis in Zimbabwe and mandated President Mbeki to facilitate dialogue between the major political parties in Zimbabwe with a view to levelling the political playing field and creating conditions for an uncontested election.

Pursuant to this, negotiations for the Global Political Agreement (GPA) started and it was signed on the 15th of September 2008 as a first step in creating the level playing field. In August of 2010, SADC Heads of State and Government met in Windhoek, Namibia and resolved among other things that “the Inclusive Government and the Zimbabwe political parties should find an uninterrupted path towards free and fair elections and the removal of impediments as and when they arise”.

The position of the Windhoek Summit is an acknowledgement that the Global Political Agreement was an important but not sufficient matrix in finding “an uninterrupted path towards free and fair elections.

At its Extraordinary summit in Livingstone on 31th March 2011, the SADC Organ Troika noted with grave concern the polarisation of the political environment in Zimbabwe as characterised inter alia by the resurgence of violence and intimidation, and resolved to appoint a team of three officials to work with JOMIC in ensuring the effective monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the GPA.

The same resolutions were adopted at the SADC Summits held in Johannesburg, Sandton and Luanda on the 12th of June 2011 and 15th of August 2011 respectively, reiterating the importance of following a credible roadmap.

The Obligation to Implement Cognisant of the fact that the GPA was an attempt to create a more even and equal political playing field, it is critical that all parties restate their commitment to the same and implement the same in its entirety.

To date, it is self-evident that the GPA has been partially implemented and serious gaps remain in the majority of the obligations, including neutrality of State institutions, the land audit, media reform, and respect of the rule of law, to name a few.

Clearly, one of the weaknesses of the GPA is the weak monitoring mechanism. JOMIC is not a statutory body and in the absence of statutory powers all it has is a residue of moral legitimacy.

At the same time, whilst the Facilitator, SADC and the African Union are guarantors to the agreement, they do not have a monitoring mechanism on the ground.

JOMIC needs to be strengthened whilst the external guarantors need to be on the ground monitoring. There can be no effective guarantee without a monitoring mechanism.
Implementation of post-Maputo resolutions.

Pursuant to the Maputo Organ Troika Summit of the 5th of November 2009, the parties negotiated 29 key issues and reached agreement on 18 out of the 29 issues and the negotiators forum and at the Principals level on 8th of June 2010 on 24 out of the 29 issues. An implementation matrix was crafted by the Principals, which matrix was subsequently adopted by the Cabinet of the Government of Zimbabwe.

It is regrettable that the agreed matrix has not been implemented. In our view, it is critically essential that the same be implemented as a matter of urgency. Since the signing of the GPA and the consummation of the Inclusive Government, numerous Sadc resolutions on Zimbabwe have been crafted in order to ensure the full implementation of the provisions of the GPA.

However, the actualisation of these resolutions has been slow and erratic. It is fundamental that parties implement the resolutions of SADC before any elections.

On the 22nd of April 2011 the political parties’ respective set of negotiators concluded and signed an agreed road map to the Zimbabwean elections, which identified and defined milestones and signposts that must be executed and implemented before the next harmonized elections.

At the Extra Ordinary Summit of Heads of State and Government held at Sandton, Johannesburg, a resolution was made directing the negotiatorsto place time lines in the road map. This was done on the 6th of July 2011. For the purposes of the next election, it is critically important and a condition for a sustainable election, that the agreed Roadmap be implemented.
The Roadmap defines the following, inter alia, signposts and milestones that have to be implemented before elections are held;
a) The conclusion of the constitution making process and the referendum.
b) The preparation of a Brand New Voters Roll.
c) Implementing key Media Reforms.
d) Implementing Legislative Reforms.
e) Attending to reforms pertaining to Freedom of Association and Freedom of Assembly.
f) Fresh Delimitation of Constituencies
g) Defining measures and procedures to do with the actual election, for instance obliging that the President and the Prime Minister to agree on the date of the election.

Not only should the above signposts of the road map be met but that the parties must conclude negotiations on those areas where agreement is yet to be reached, such as security sector reform and the appointment of new secretariat for ZEC.

Between May and June of 2011 the parties met in Cape Town and Harare to review the GPA. In the process of the review the parties noted with concern many areas of non-implementation and execution and therefore agreed to fully implement the GPA and finalise the Roadmap to elections.

In August of 2006 at a meeting of Heads of State and Government, SADC adopted “its guidelines to elections”. It is important that whatever framework is adopted in Zimbabwe is in compliance with those guidelines and other numerous regional and international standards.

It is the firm view of the MDC that to create conditions for a legitimate election all the above agreements must be implemented. In the case of situations where parties have agreed and put their signatures to a document, surely the parties themselves must implement these agreed positions. In respect of resolutions made by SADC itself, the same must equally implement its resolutions.

Implementing the above is thus a necessary Condition for Sustainable Elections in Zimbabwe
(CoSEZ).

The integrity of any election is underpinned primarily by critical technical and hygiene issues that must bind all parties. The primary technical issue in every election must be the laws that govern that election. Thus, in virtually all democratic countries the Constitution, the Electoral Act, the Media Act and other laws affect the conduct and outcome of an election.

As a condition for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe, it is therefore critical that the issue of the Constitution, Electoral Act, Media Reforms, the Voters’ Roll and prohibitive pieces of legislation such as POSA and AIPPA are dealt with before the election.

Many of these issues pertaining to the security and integrity of the vote are already covered in the Roadmap that has been agreed to by the parties. However, out of an abundance of caution the MDC reiterates the minimum conditions that will guarantee a credible election

The constitution is an important document, a contract defining the processes of power, its distribution and management thereof. For the purposes of an election, the constitution will define key issues such as the electoral system, the date and nature of the elections, who conducts them, the system of government and the manner in which office bearers to the state are elected or appointed.

The new Zimbabwean constitution will thus define a new system, whether; we use the proportional representation, first-past-the-post or some other electoral system. The new constitution should address the character of the legislature, whether or not we have an upper and lower house, and the composition thereof. The new constitution will also define the nature of the executive, whether we have an executive President or not.

It will also define Zimbabwe’s provincial and local governance system and how officials to the same are elected or removed from office. The constitution is therefore a selfevident precondition for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe.

The constitution must thus be drafted and subjected to a referendum as defined in Article VI of the GPA. It is also important that the MDC reaffirms its position that it will NOT participate in an election before the enactment of a New constitution.

Legislative Reform
Once the new Constitution has been adopted it is evident that a reconciliation of existing laws to the new constitutional order must be done.

Furthermore, it is critically important for the parties to have a review of all legislation in Zimbabwe with a view to determining consistency with the constitution and international standards.

Oversight Commissions
The Zimbabwe Media Commission (ZMC), the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) and the Human Rights Commission HRC) will play a critical part in establishing and creating conditions for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe. It is thus important for all these commissions to remain impartial, objective and practical.

The partiality being reflected at the Zimbabwe Media Commission, where various licenses have subjectively been issued to ZANU (PF) related applicants is neither desirable nor acceptable.

The right to Freedom of Association, Assembly and Movement
The experience of the past few years has exposed major weaknesses in the Public OrderSecurity and Act.

The rights to freedom of association, assembly and movement continue to be seriously handicapped. There is therefore need to amend POSA but more importantly to have positive legislation that puts flesh to section 21 and 23 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe before the next election.

Human Rights Commission
The Human Rights Commission has been appointed. It is important that the Human Rights Commission Bill whose principles have been agreed by Cabinet be enacted as soon as possible and thereafter the Commission be empowered to carry-out its mandate of oversight on human rights abuses.

Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act
The Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act, in particular Section 121 has been eclectically applied by the Office of the Attorney General. It is paramount that before the election, this section is repealed.

Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act
The Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act needs to be repealed as it muzzles freedom of information and freedom of the press.

Presidential Powers (Temporary Measures) Act
This is a key law that has been clandestinely used repeatedly during election periods. Evidence of its use reveals that this law gives an unfair advantage to the President’s party. The President literally becomes a competitor and referee at the same time.

It should be a key pre-condition that the use of this law be severely limited or in fact be eliminated during electoral periods unless exercised in circumstances where it is absolutely necessary and only then after consultation and agreement with the other parties.

Electoral Reforms
Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) StaffConstitutional Amendment Number 18 introduced a new Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC). Pursuant to this new commissioners were appointed to the same.

The new ZEC however inherited all the staff of the old electoral commission. Fully aware that the old ZEC and its staff have been at the epicentre of contested elections, it is self-evident that the new ZEC must have the opportunity of recruiting its staff afresh and not be saddled with legacy issues of the past.

Therefore, it is a necessary condition for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe that the new ZEC be authorised to recruit new staff for thesame.

Amendments to the Electoral Law
The Zimbabwe electoral environment is heavily skewed in favour of one political player. The amendments must cover a whole host of areas which include the following;
a) The need for all full audit of the electoral processes at all key stages
b) The need to ensure the timeous announcement of election results by ZEC itself through its Chairman or other Commissioners.
c) The need to ensure the automation and computerisation of all election processes starting with the voters roll and election results.
d) The need to ensure a speedy and impartial resolution of electoral disputes and complaints.
e) The need to ensure the extensive monitoring and observation of elections.
f) The need to ensure that the media have full and unfettered access to the election and
election processes.
g) The need for election agents to have free access to polling stations.
h) The need to ensure free access by all political parties and voters to election
material and election information including the voters roll and details for instance of ballot papers printed.
i) The need to ensure the liberalisation of voter registration conditions.
j) The need to prevent any intimidation at the polling station.
3.8.3. Guaranteeing the Right of Every Zimbabwean to Vote
It is the right of every Zimbabwean above 18 years to vote. This right is sacrosanct. The new section 23 (A) of the Constitution of Zimbabwe implicitly guarantees the right of every Zimbabwean to participate in politics. This in fact also guarantees the right of every Zimbabwean even in the diaspora to vote.

Postal and Special Voting
In the March 2008 elections, William Bango, an MDC candidate for Chikomba House of Assembly constituency lost by 22 postal votes, raising suspicions that the postal voting system has potentially been manipulated to tweak election results.
Postal and special voting in Zimbabwe has been a preserve of a very small group of people in

Zimbabwe, particularly uniformed forces and diplomats. This process has largely been opaque. The need to put clarity and certainty on the use of these forms of voting is necessary. ZEC needs to put in place mechanisms to ensure that this process is it is not abused. There is need for unimpeded monitoring of this voting process by all political parties and other election stakeholders.

The Impartiality and Transparency of the Electoral Management Process
The whole credibility and transparency of an election depends on the integrity and independence of the ZEC. This includes not only re-creating the legal architecture but also ensuring the human agents – not just Commissioners but also that staff are able to exercise independent judgment and work impartially without fear or favour.

Of key importance is ensuring the Commission has financial and resource independence – it
must have sufficient resources to execute its role and interference from politicians must
be eliminated as pre-conditions to a
free and fair election.

Thus it is critical that ZEC be staffed by NEW and civilian employees recruited by the present Commission.

Furthermore, it is critical that no member of the CIO, Police or the Army is involved in the management and execution of any election.

The Voters Roll
It is absolutely important that the ZEC has full ownership and control of the voters roll. This includes the role of carrying out the registration of voters. Thus the development, management and custodianship of the voters’ roll must be a preserve of ZEC only.
It is critical that a NEW voters’ roll be prepared before the new election. The current voters’ roll is laden with names of dead people and contains so many inaccuracies.

Once the new voters’ roll is out, it is important that the same be readily available to the citizens of Zimbabwe free of charge. This also includes the provision of a dedicated website for the voters’ roll.

Delimitation
Once a new voters’ roll has been prepared and new voters’ registration has taken place, a new delimitation exercise must be conducted by ZEC.

The Media
The recently constituted Zimbabwe Media Commission requires enabling legislation to make it fully functional.

A new Board for the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) must be appointed immediately with each party nominating its representative board members on the ratio of 3:3:1(MDC-T; ZANU PF and MDC-N).

Thereafter, the necessary steps must be taken to convert it into a public broadcaster.
A new board for the Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe (BAZ) must be appointed immediately in terms of the law. The Board of BAZ must invite new applications for broadcasting licences and grant the same to qualified applicants in terms of the law.

A new board for the Mass Media Trust must be appointed immediately with each party nominating its representative board members on the ratio of 3:3:1(MDC-T; ZANU PF and MDC-N)

Voter Education
Voter education is a critical component of the electoral process. As such, this process must be open to all electoral stakeholders. Civic groups must be allowed to conduct voter education in an impartial manner.

Proclamation of Elections
In accordance with the provisions of the GPA, the proclamation of an election cannot be a unilateral decision but must be a consultative process. This proclamation must not be determined by time but by the process of enacting a conducive environment for a free and fair election. Elections are not an event but a process.

Guaranteeing The Security of the Person
Corrosive violence has been at the epicentre of unsustainable and illegitimate elections that we have had in Zimbabwe. All the elections we have held in this country (1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2002, 2005 and 2008) have been marred by electoral violence and intimidation that has disenfranchised thousands of Zimbabweans. In the June 2008 run-off election, hundreds of Zimbabweans lost their lives whilst thousands fled from their burning homes and executed livestock.

The MDC will not allow Zimbabweans to participate in another bloodbath such as the one witnessed in 2008. To prevent this, it is fundamentally critical that major reforms and programs are implemented and executed to prevent intimidation and violence

Code of Conduct for Political Parties
It is imperative that soon after the proclamation of the election; all political parties must sign a Code of Conduct making a pledge to upholding the constitution of Zimbabwe and desisting from actions that jeopardises the freeness and fairness of the election. This Code of Conduct must be endorsed by the Facilitator, SADC, AU and the UN.

ZEC needs to be given powers to suspend parties and candidates that do not adhere to this code of conduct.

Election Monitors and Observers
SADC as the Guarantors to the GPA must ensure that Monitors and Observers are in Zimbabwe at least 6 months before the date of an election and at least 6 months after the date of the election.

ZEC must have exclusive control of the accreditation of election observers and monitors. ZEC must also be trusted to execute this power impartially and without interference from politicians and political parties.

Traditional Leaders
The parties agreed in the GPA to “call upon all traditional leaders not to engage in partisan political activities at national levels as well as in their communities.” To this extent, traditional leaders must be apolitical in the exercise of their duties.

Food aid
In the previous elections, food aid has been used as a political tool by Zanu PF. Food aid has been distributed along party lines with the use of the Zanu PF card as a form of access key to get food aid. It is paramount that parties adhere to the GPA which states that, the parties agreed “in the fulfilment of its obligation ….., the Government and all State institutions and quasi State institutions shall render humanitarian and food assistance without discrimination on the grounds of race, ethnicity, gender, political affiliation or religion” and “that humanitarian
interventions rendered by non-governmental organisations shall be provided without discrimination on the grounds of race, ethnicity, gender, political affiliation or religion.”

Security of the Person and Violence
All elections in post-independence Zimbabwe have been marred by violence, coercion and intimidation. This is not sustainable. Equally all elections have been marred by instances where some political parties and individuals have been denied the right to campaign peacefully. It is common cause that certain geographical areas like model A1 and A2 farming areas have been no go areas for a majority of parties.

The law too has been selectively applied and more evidently, the law has not come to the aid of victims of political violence and other illegal or corrupt electoral practices. Thus in creating conditions for a sustainable election in Zimbabwe it is simply critical to define measure to protect the security of the person.

Violence and intimidation are the biggest challenge to a free and fair election in Zimbabwe. It is
important that this corrosive cancer be nipped in the bud by Zimbabweans and indeed the
guarantors to the GPA.

At party level, dialogue and the Inter-Party Liaison Committees established in the current Electoral Act must be actualised. Furthermore, the enactment of the new violence mechanism in the draft Electoral Act must be actualised.

The bulk of violence in Zimbabwe is either State sponsored or State led. It is therefore important for security agents to adhere to the Constitution and the political agreement but more importantly, there has to be Security Sector Realignment.

Strengthening the Joint Monitoring and Implementation Committee (JOMIC)
In order to ensure effective monitoring of the GPA it is imperative that JOMIC be strengthened to enable it to carry out its mandate. To date JOMIC has been hampered by lack of resources, which have restricted its monitoring role in the Districts and Provinces.

There is need to resource JOMIC to decentralise its activities so that it becomes fully functional in all the country’s Provinces and Districts.

Equal and expeditious application of the law
Violence and intimidation take place where a culture of impunity exists and where the rule of law is no longer functional. Where perpetrators of violence are arrested and the law takes its course expeditiously, strong deterrence occurs.

It is therefore important to ensure that the law is applied equally and expeditiously. In this country sadly this has not been the case as only a handful of persons who have perpetrated violence have been prosecuted. The likes of Joseph Mwale and Kainos Zimunya, also known as Kitsiyatota, who murdered our people in the year 2000 are still roaming free despite High Court judgements demanding their prosecution.

Special Courts of Violence
The current law only gives relief to a victim of electoral violence or any other illegal o corrupt electoral practices after an election. This is not acceptable. Special electoral courts must be established in every district or province before an election that will have  extensive powers of dealing with all electoral corrupt and illegal practices before the election.

These courts should be manned by qualified magistrates but under the watchful eye of the Human Rights Commission, which should have the powers of persecuting. The special electoral courts should also have the power of suspending and barring any candidate from contesting an election if convicted of an electoral offense.

Independent Prosecuting Authority
Section 121 of the Criminal Evidence Procedures Act (CEPA) has been routinely abused to detain MDC officials and civil society activists  It is therefore important to establish an independent prosecuting authority separate from the office of the Attorney General to ensure the impartial prosecution of cases. This is critical not just for election sustainability but also for judicial sustainability.

Protecting The People's Will
Recent elections that have been held in the SADC region have demonstrated that there is a deepening of democratic electoral practice and that it is possible to have elections that are violence-free. The recent election in Zambia saw a democratic transfer of power occurring without the unnecessary shedding of blood.

It is important for SADC and the parties to agree on a framework that ensures that if Zimbabwe is to have an election, its outcome is respected and that power transfer is guaranteed. Put
simply, the case of Gbagbo and Ivory Coast must be avoided.

In this regard, it will be important for SADC and the AU to make it clear and unequivocal
that they will not accept any subversion of the people’s will. SADC and AU as guarantors of the GPA and consistent with the AU Charter must make it clear that they will protect democracy.

Security Sector Realignment
“Tsvangirai doesn't pose a political threat in any way in Zimbabwe, but is a major security threat. He takes instructions from foreigners who seek to effect illegal regime change in Zimbabwe. This is what has invited the security forces to be involved because we want to ensure we protect our national security interests. When he said Mugabe must go peacefully or else forcefully, was that democratic or constitutional?

"Daydreamers who want to reverse the gains of our liberation struggle will continue daydreaming. They can go to hell . . . they will never rule this country. "We cannot keep quiet. We will continue speaking and as the security forces, we will not sit back and watch things going wrong." Brigadier General Douglas Nyikayaramba, June 2011.

“This country came through blood and the barrel of the gun and it can never be re-colonised through a simple pen, which costs as little as five cents.” Police Commissioner General Augustine Chihuri November 2010.

Part of ensuring that the people’s will is respected and not subverted is undertaking security sector realignment. The current leadership in the security sector has in the past displayed partisan behaviour. Statements by Brigadier Douglas Nyikayaramba and the Police Commissioner General Agustin Chihuri attest to this as they have publicly pledged their support for ZANU (PF). In our view, the best way to realign the security sector is to retire at the very minimum the Commissioner General of Police Agustin Chihuri and the Commander of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces General Constantine Chiwenga.

In view of the erstwhile public statements by the Service Chiefs reflecting their unwillingness to serve a civilian leader apart from those from one party, they should issue another public statement unequivocally stating that they will uphold the Constitution and support the will of the people.

The State Security Agents have been involved in the perpetration of violence and intimidation and the selective application of the law. It is therefore important that the Police must perform their duties impartially and not have a category called political  violence in which they take no action.

All the military personnel must be removed from the villages and returned to barracks until after the election. Any deployment before the next election must be sanctioned by the National Security Council.

The Ministers responsible for the security portfolios must report to the Prime Minister at the policy implementation and supervisory roles. The Prime Minister must receive security briefs that the President receives.The existence and operations of the Central Intelligence Organisation must be regulated by an Act of Parliament which should be enacted before the next elections.

The Police Service Commission, in particular the Defence Service Commission, the Public Service Commission must be accountable to both Parliament and the three arms of the Executive, namely, the President, Prime Minister and Cabinet, particularly on policy issues such as recruitment, purchase of arms, etc.

A recent independent audit revealed that there are 38 000 ghost workers under the Public Service Commission. Many of these were recruited in the run-up to the June 27 election. Thus any security sector reform in the short term must address the issue of ghost workers who are currently operating as commissars.

CONCLUSION
Zimbabwe has been in a country in perpetual conflict both before and after Independence. Violence has been a permanent feature of the country’s national politics since independence and as a result the legitimacy of successive ZANU (PF) regimes has always been disputed. The war of liberation itself, Gukurahundi in the 1980s, civic protests of the 1990s, chaotic farm invasions that started in 2000 and the attendant violent election campaigns of the same year, the 2002 Presidential Election, Elections in 2005,Operation Murambatsvina in 2005 and the June 2008 Presidential run-off have all been punctuated by violence . Zimbabweans deserve a break from this cycle of violence. Peace and stability are critical if the country is to attain sustainable and inclusive growth.

The GPA and the GNU have provided Zimbabweans and other concerned Africans a genuine opportunity to create conditions for a peaceful transition to country that has been in perpetual conflict. It is thus critical to ensure that the next election is uninterrupted, peaceful and that it will produce an outcome that is legitimate and undisputed.
For and on behalf of the people of Zimbabwe Committing our Party and our Country to GOD

THE PEOPLE’S CHECKLIST FOR A SUSTAINABLE ELECTION
1. Implementation of the GPA and all other agreed positions
2. Implementation post-Maputo resolutions
3. Implementation of the Roadmap
4. Implementation of agreed positions following the review of the GPA in May of 2011
5. Implementing Regional and International Standards
6. The Constitution and the Constitution-Making Process
7. Legislative Reform
8. Oversight Commissions
9. The right to Freedom of Association, Assembly and Movement
10. Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act
11. Presidential Powers (Temporary Measures) Act
12. Zimbabwe electoral Commission (ZEC) Staff
13. Amendments to the Electoral Law
14. Postal and Special Voting
15. The Voters Roll
16. Delimitation
17. The Media
18. Voter Education
19. Proclamation of Elections
20. Political Violence
21. Election Monitors and Observers
22. Traditional Leaders
27
23. Food aid
24. Strengthening the Joint Monitoring and Implementation Committee (JOMIC)
25. Special Courts of Violence
26. Independent Prosecuting Authority
27. Security Sector Realignment
28
ANNEXURES
SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections
3 MANDATE AND CONSTITUTION OF THE SADC OBSERVERS MISSION
4. GUIDELINES FOR THE OBSERVATION OF ELECTIONS
5. CODE OF CONDUCT FOR ELECTION OBSERVERS
6.1 The rights and responsibilities of the SOEM are based on the SADC experience and the AU
7. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE MEMBER STATE HOLDING ELECTIONS
IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX OF THE AGREED ISSUES ZIMBABWE ELECTION ROADMAP WITH TIMELINES
ISSUE ACTIVITY TIMEFRAME A SANCTIONS
SADC RESOLUTIONS
LIVINGSTONE, ZAMBIA; MARCH 31 2011 COMMUNIQUÉ
SUMMIT OF THE ORGAN TROIKA ON POLITICS, DEFENCE AND SECURITY COOPERATION
31 MARCH, 2011 LIVINGSTONE, REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA
LUANDA, ANGOLA; AUGUST 18 2011
COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 31ST SADC HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT SUMMIT
SANDTON, SOUTH AFRICA; 12 JUNE 2011 COMMUNIQUÉ
PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA, 27 JANUARY 2009
Full text of SADC communiqué on the GPA January 27, 2009 SADC Communiqué on Zimbabwe:
MDC ROLL OF HONOUR
The MDC roll of honour recognises the role played by all activists who passed away in the line of duty –
fighting for democracy and a socially just Zimbabwe. Most on this list were murdered in cold blood,
while other members passed away due to injuries sustained from violence. We recognise that we all did
something for democracy, but others gave all. They are our heroes and heroines. We remember them.
We salute them.
1. Alphonso Plaxedes of Dzivarasekwa, Harare was killed on 10 June 2003.
2. Andoche Julius, a farm foreman was shot and killed on 20 April 2000 by Zanu PF militia.
3. Bakari Besta was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Stodart Farm in Shamva on 16 May 2008.
4. Bakacheza Joshua, an MDC driver was abducted by State security agents in Masasa, Harare on 25 June 2008. His decomposing body was on 5 July 2008 in Beatrice.
5. Banda (Mr.) of Shamva was killed on 24 April 2008.
6. Bashitiwayo Moses died after he was assaulted by Zanu PF youths in April 2008.
7. Botha William was murdered by purported war veterans on 23 July 2000 in Marondera.
8. Newman Bhebhe was murdered in February 2002 in Nkayi, Matebeleland North.
9. Solomon Bote was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Musikavanhu Village in Makoni on 17 April 2008.
10. Butao Peter Tom died after he was severely assaulted by Zanu PF militia in Mudzi North constituency on 28 April 2008.
11. Bvekera Kennias of Ward 7 Clearwater area, Chipinge was killed by Zanu PF militia led by one Chikumba on 13 June 2008.
12. Bvumburai Paul of Shamva was murdered by Zanu PF youths in 2002.
13. Chabuka Method was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths in Makoni on 6 July 2008.
14. Chacha Augustus, an MDC activist, was found dead in a dam in Shurugwi on 10 December 2001 after he had been abducted by Zanu PF youths.
15. Chakwenya Tinashe was murdered in Marondera on 4 April 2000.
16. Chakwenya John was beaten to death by Zanu PF supporters on 2 July 2001 in Epworth, Harare.
17. Chaitama Nicholas an MDC supporter and farm worker was murdered in Kariba on 25 April 2000. He was abducted with eight other MDC members by a Zanu PF mob led 50 by Rex Chikwana which took them to Charara Estate. The ZANU (PF) militia. His body was later found dumped in Nyamhunga Township.
18. Chakwenya Tinashe was murdered in Marondera on 4 April 2000.
19. Chambati Milton, an MDC member, was murdered on 23 December 2001 in Magunje.
20. Chaparira Abia died after being tortured by Zanu PF youths and purported war veterans.
21. Chapuranga Lemani an MDC activist was shot dead on 19 November 2001 in Marondera West, Mashonaland East.
22. Chatunga Richard an MDC activist, died on Sunday 27 January 2002 in Buhera from injuries sustained after being attacked by Zanu PF thugs.
23. Chibika Tatenda, an MDC supporter died on 17 April 2008 after a purported war veteran, Richard Makoni shot him at Chibeta Business Centre in Mutoko.
24. Chipiro Dadirayi an MDC activist from Chikowore Village in Mhondoro-Ngezi, died on
5 June 2008 after being attacked by Zanu PF youths. They cut off her hands and feet before burning her alive inside her house. A vehicle owned by Bright Matonga, a Zanu PF MP in the constituency was used in the brutal attack.
25. Chemvura Lameck, a University of Zimbabwe student, died on 24 November 2001 in Manicaland.
26. Cheu Shepherd a headmaster in Mutoko was abducted on 3 June 2008 by a Zanu PF and later found dead with one eye and genitals missing.
27. Chibvamudeve Nikoniari an MDC activist was murdered on 21 September 2002 in Mashonaland West.
28. Chidzidzi Nancy was shot dead by CIO operatives on 31 May 2008 in Rusape.
29. Chigaga Chrispen Chimusoro died on 5 July 2008 after being brutally attacked by Zanu PF members in Mhondoro.
30. Chigagura Zeke was fatally assaulted by people chanting Zanu PF slogans at the Kahobo Business Centre and dumped his dead body in front of the house of the MDC candidate’s campaign manager.
31. Chihuri Taurai was shot by CIO operatives on 31 May 2008 in Mutoko.
32. Chijeke Chrispen an MDC supporter died on 20 July 2000 in Gokwe after being assaulted by a Zanu PF mob.
33. Chiutsi Chrispen an MDC activist was murdered at his home by armed Zanu PF thugs in Mutoko North on 27 June 2008.
34. Chitsa Crispin was assaulted by known Zanu PF youths in Gokwe on 27 April 2000.
35. Chikomba Simbarashe – a high school teacher – at Zuka Secondary, Masvingo was abducted by Zanu PF youths on 14 June 2008 and later found dead on 19 June 2008.
36. Chikova Simba a teacher was abducted from his school in Zaka by Zanu PF youths and beaten to death on 13 June 2008.
37. Chimbarara Shemmy a farm worker died on 8 February 2004 in Chimanimani, Manicaland after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths.
38. Chikwenya Richard Dzokurasa an MDC activist died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 1 May 2001 in Buhera, Manicaland province.
39. Chiminya Tichaona died on 14 April 2000 near Murambinda Growth Point in Buhera North. The vehicle he was travelling in was petrol bombed by a Zanu PF mob led by a CIO operative Joseph Mwale.
40. Chiwara Laban an MDC activist was killed by Zanu PF militia on 7 May 2000 in Harare.
41. Chingombe Darlington was beaten to death by Zanu PF militia in Chirumanzu, Midlands South province on 27 June 2008.
42. Chingozho Sophia died on 8 June 2008 after she was beaten to death at a funeral by a Zanu PF mob in Buhera North.
43. Chipiyo Archford was abducted by State security agents from his father’s house in Chitungwiza on 19 June 2008. He was found dead the following morning. His father is the Mayor of Chitungwiza.
44. Chishamba Morgan, died after he was attacked by Zanu PF youths in Waterfalls, Harare on 19 June 2008.
45. Chinyere (Mr) was pulled out of a bus and beaten to death by Zanu PF militia on 11 June 2000.
46. Chipungu Benson Karome was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Manyika Village in Uzumba on 10 May 2008.
47. Chipunza Takundwa Patrick an MDC activist died on 16 May 2000 in Budiriro, Harare after being attacked by Zanu PF supporters.
48. Chiraradza Mark was beaten to death in Mukumbura, Mashonaland Central province on 5 July 2008 by a Zanu PF mob.
49. Chirima Robson Tinarwo an MDC supporter died in March 2000 in Muzarambani, Mashonaland Central province after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths.
50. Chiriseri Alex was assaulted by Zanu PF militia and soldiers and died on 5 May 2008 in Centenary, Mashonaland Central province.
51. Francis Chinozvina, an MDC activist of Zengeza in Chitungwiza is shot and killed by Zanu PF’s Elliot Manyika on 28 March 2004 on the second day of Parliament polling
52. Chironga Gibbs an MDC activist was killed by Zanu PF thugs on 20 June 2008 in Chiweshe.
53. Chironga Hama was killed by Zanu PF thugs on 20 June 2008 in Chiweshe.
54. Chiroto Abigail the wife of Harare Deputy Mayor was abducted and killed by known Zanu PF youths on 19 June 2008 in Hatcliffe, Harare.
55. Chirozva Phineas was killed in Buhera on 20 June 2008 by a gang of Zanu PF militia led by one army Col. Mzilikazi.
56. Chitemere Mhondiwa an MDC activist was killed in Murehwa South on 30 October 2000.
57. Chitsungo – a village headman – was abducted by Zanu PF youths and later found dead in Uzumba on 20 May 2008.
58. Chihumbiri Eswat was murdered on 23 March 2001 in Muzarambani, Mashonaland Central.
59. Chiwara Laban died on 7 May 2000, Harare after being attacked by Zanu PF militia.
60. Chiwaura Moffat Soka an MDC activist was murdered in Bindura in January 2002.
61. Chisasa Alex a Zimbabwe Republic Police member was murdered in Chipinge South after being accused of being an MDC supporter.
62. Chiyoka Jabulani an MDC councillor was killed in September 2007 in Marondera.
63. Chokururama Better an MDC activist was abducted on 13 May 2008 in Murehwa by CIO agents and was found dead with gun and stab wounds on 14 May 2008.
64. Cobbert Robert Fenwick was murdered on 6 August 2001, Kwekwe.
65. Danda Isaac was stabbed to death by Zanu PF youths led by army Major Moyo at Nembudziya, Gokwe on 8 May 2008.
66. Dofo Fushirayi was assaulted to death by Zanu PF youths on 10 May 2008.
67. Dube Clemence an MDC polling agent was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Poshayi Village in Shurugwi on 28 April 2008.
68. Dube John was beaten to death by Zanu PF thugs on 23 June 2008.
69. Dube Kenias was abducted and found dead in Masvingo on 19 June 2008.
70. Dube Michael died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 1 May 2008 in Shurugwi.
71. Dube Nqobizitha an MDC activist died on 1 March 2002 in Nkulamane, Bulawayo.
72. Dumukani Zondani died on 9 June 2001 in Mbare, Harare.
73. Dube Kennedy was found dead after he had been abducted by Zanu PF youths in Mwenezi on 14 June 2008.
74. Dunn Allan Stewart died on 7 May 2000 in Marondera West, Mashonaland East after being assaulted by Zanu PF agents.
75. Dzenga Livingstone of Uzumba died after being assaulted by Zanu PF militia in July 2008.
76. Dzenga Ratidzai who was pregnant was assaulted and bled to death after Zanu PF militia denied her a chance to seek medical assistance in Muzarabani on 1 April 2008.
77. Dzokurasa Richard an MDC activist was murdered on 30 April 2001in Buhera North.
78. Elsworth Henry Swan died on 12 December 2000 in Kwekwe.
79. Ford Terrance died on 18 March 2002 in Mhondoro.
80. Foster Emmanuel died on 20 January 2003 in Macheke, Mashonaland East.
81. Gambe Farai was shot dead by a soldier in Rusape on 15 June 2008.
82. Gatsi Ernest an MDC activist was murdered on 19 March 2002 in Guruve, Mashonaland Central.
83. Gomo Edwin died on 26 March 2000 in Bindura.
84. Gomwe R (Mr) was axed to death by Zanu PF youths led by army Major Moyo in Nembudziya, Gokwe.
85. Gumure Mafi Tafundikera, 72, of Village 11 B Eagles’ Nest, Headlands was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 25 June 2008.
86. Gumure Aquiline, nee, Sanzvenga, 61, the MDC Headlands district Women’s Assembly leader and wife of the above died on 27 June 2008 after she had sustained head injuries and skill fracture following an attack by Zanu PF youths.
87. Gundo Daniel was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths in Gokwe in July 2008.
88. Pasvani Pamela, nee, Dube wife on an MDC councillor was burnt to death in house in Harare on 8 June 2008 by Zanu PF youths who were driving a car owned by Zanu PF MP Hubert Nyanhongo.
89. Mashoko Nyasha, the child of Pamela (above) was burnt to death together with her mother on 8 June 2008 in Harare.
90. Guvi Obert died on 14 September 2000 in Hurungwe West.
91. Gwaze Tafirenyika an MDC polling agent at Rukwenjere in Mutoko was murdered on 12 March 2002.
92. Gwase Nhamo an MDC youth chairperson for Tayengwa in Murehwa South died at Parirenyatwa Hospital from injuries sustained during an assault by Zanu PF supporters.
93. Gwenzi Gilson was killed on 27 July 2001 in Masvingo, Mwenezi.
94. Hapazari Dumisani a Zesa employee was abducted by State security agents in Chiredzi and later found dead on 4 June 2008.
95. Hativagone Owen was abducted by Zanu PF youths who tortured him by tying bricks to his testicles until he died on 16 May 2008 in Marondera.
96. Jani Sheppard an MDC Murehwa constituency 2008 senatorial candidate was abducted at Murehwa growth point by Zanu PF youths and State security agents and later dead on 24 May 2008.
97. Jeka Petros an MDC polling agent was murdered in Masvingo North on 4 April 2002.
98. Jeke Leo was murdered on 10 June 2000, Chivi South, Masvingo.
99. Jongwe Learmore the MDC national spokesperson and Kuwadzana MP was found dead in his prison cell at the Harare Remand Prsion on 22 October 2002.
100. Jemedze Godfrey was assaulted to death by soldiers and Zanu PF youths in Mazowe on 9 May 2008.
101. Jenti Yuana was abducted from the house of Chitungwiza deputy Mayor, Chipiro by
State security agents and found dead on 19 June 2008.
102. Jerenyama Donald and MDC polling agent was killed on 25 March 2002 in Mutasa, Manicaland.
103. Kaguru Tichaona an MDC activist was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 2 June 2003 in Mbare, Harare.
104. Kahari Chengerai was shot dead by armed Zanu PF militia at Chireka Village, Bindura South on 11 June 2008.
105. Kahari Sam was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths and purported war veterans at Chidembo Village in Shamva on 11 May 2008.
106. Kamuchira Taurai of Nyamujamani School in Ward 7 Headlands was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 30 June 2008.
107. Kamufuto Sairiro was tortured to death by Zanu PF youths and purported war veterans in Mt. Darwin on 13 May 2008.
108. Kamutsanga Tichaona an MDC activist was murdered in Harare North on 5 February 2000.
109. Kanyemba Bloke was abducted by Zanu PF’s Chipangano gang in Mbare and beaten to death on 5 June 2008.
110. Kayembe Remember, 23, was abducted and forced to drink poison leading to his death by Zanu PF supporters in Mazowe 0n 11 May 2008.
111. Kanomera John was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 3 July 2000 in Epworth, Harare.
112. Kanyurira Luckson was killed on 25 April 2000 in Kariba after being abducted by a Zanu PF mob which included Rex Chikwana. His body was found at the side of the road with severe injuries sustained during the assault.
113. Kapfudza Tafirenyika a headman in UMP was murdered by known Zanu PF thugs, Douglas Mutesa and Costan Musariri on 21 May 2008.
114. Kareza Howard an MDC activist was murdered on 13 December 2000, Shamva.
115. Kareza Peter an MDC activist was murdered on 23 April 2000 in Shamva.
116. Kasambarare Mariseni was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 13 May 2008 in UMP.
117. Katema Thomas died on 2 August 2001 in Harare.
118. Katsamudanga Tichaona was murdered on 4 April 2002 in Harare.
119. Katsande Clever was abducted and beaten to death by Zanu PF militia in Mudzi on 27 April 2008.
120. Kauzani Godfrey was abducted by State security agents in Murehwa and was later found dead on 14 May 2008 with gunshot and stab wounds.
121. Kazemba Alex died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths at Dekeya Village in Makoni, Manicaland on 7 July 2008.
122. Khumalo Khape an MDC supporter was killed in Mhondoro on 6 February 2002.
123. Knight Ngoni was abducted by State security agents from the house of Chitungwiza’s deputy Mayor and found dead 19 June 2008.
124. Kombo Samson an MDC activist was killed on 20 January 2003 in Makoni East, Manicaland.
125. Kundishora David died after being forced to drink poison in Mazowe by army Col. Muchanganya on 7 May 2008.
126. Kundishora Nyarai an MDC activist bled to death on 5 May 2008 after being gang raped and vaginal mutilated by Zanu PF militia in Svosve, Marondera East.
127. Luke John was abducted and found dead in Gokwe on 19 June 2008.
128. Lunga Edna was abducted and later tortured with burnt with plastic by Zanu PF youths until she died on 11 April 2008 in Kwekwe.
129. Mavhangira Pepukai was killed by a Zanu PF gang led by army Col. Mzilikazi in Buhera on 20 June 2008.
130. Mabhoyi Norman was killed by Zanu PF youths on 28 May 2008 in Uzumba.
131. Mabika Talent an MDC activist was murdered in Buhera North on 15 April 2000 by CIO operative Joseph Mwale.
132. Mabwera Brighton, 4 years, was burnt to death while sleeping in his parents’ home in Uzumba in April 2008.
133. Machasi Maxwell was murdered by purported war veterans and Zanu PF youths in Buhera on 6 July 2008.
134. Machipisa Elliot, a Zimbabwe Electoral Support Network official was abducted from his house in Hurungwe by Zanu PF youths and found dead on 19 June 2008.
135. Machiridza Tonderayi was killed on 18 April 2003 in Kuwadzana, Harare by the police and soldiers.
136. Madamombe an MDC activist was shot dead at his home by Zanu PF militia in Bindura on 20 June 2008.
137. Madamombe Nguwani was murdered by Zanu PF militia at his Headlands home on 30 June 2008.
138. Madhobha Tapson an MDC polling agent was killed on 2 May 2002 at Gokwe Centre.
139. Madondo Joseph was killed by Zanu PF youths in Bikita in June 2008.
140. Madzivanzira Elias – a headman – of Ward 8 in Shamva North was axed to death by purported war veterans identified as Muroyiwa and Joshua in Shamva on 11 May 2008.
141. Manzvimbo Fanuel a farmer in Hwedza was murdered on 16 September 2001.
142. Mafemeruke Constantine was killed on 19 June 2000 in Kariba.
143. Mafukidze Fibion an MDC councillor was killed on 26 September 2007 in Gutu, Masvingo.
144. Mafuriro Bright was tortured to death by Zanu PF youths in Mt Darwin on 15 May 2008.
145. Magetsi Simba was abducted by Zanu PF militia and later found dead on 19 June 2008.
146. Maguwu Itayi was killed on 27 July 2000 in Dzivarasekwa, Harare.
147. Mahuni Funny was killed on 13 March 2002 in Kwekwe.
148. Majongosi Kudakwashe was murdered by armed men who were driving an army vehicle in Chirumanzi South on 30 June 2008.
149. Makanyisa Chris was killed on 20 June 2008 by a gang led by army Col. Mzilikazi in Buhera.
150. Makewa Moses died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 1 April 2008 in Wedza.
151. Makwanya Tinos was abducted by Zanu PF militia in Masvingo and later found dead on 19 June 2008.
152. Manonera John was killed on 3 July 2001 in Hatfield, Harare.
153. Mandeya Joseph Ketero was killed on 17 May 2000 in Mutasa, Manicaland.
154. Mandindishe Peter was murdered in Bindura on 22 July 2001.
155. Mandizha Sandros of Village 17, Headlands was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 25 June 2008.
156. Manyimo Tennyson died after he sustained a broken neck after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 24 April 2008 in Mbire, Mashonaland Central.
157. Madzuramhende Tennyson died after being assaulted by soldiers and Zanu PF militia in Centenary, Mashonaland Central on 5 May 2008.
158. Manhango Wonder a member of the MDC campaign team was abducted and tortured on 18 June 2000 by Zanu PF supporters. His assailants included Felix Dube, Levy Calias, Mufundisi Siyakofu, and Tobias Magwatu. The Zanu PF supporters castrated Manhango, broke his legs, “bashed in” his head with a hoe handle, and then dumped
him in a ditch. Wonder Manhango died on 26 June 2000 from injuries sustained during the assault.
159. Manyame Ropafadzo an MDC supporter was murdered on 6 January 2001 in Bikita West, Masvingo.
160. Manyara Owen was killed on 17 March 2002 in Mt Darwin.
161. Manyeruke Itai was murdered in Harare on 11 March 2007.
162. Maposa Richard was murdered on 20 January 2002 in Bikita East, Masvingo.
163. Mapingure Atnos was killed on 20 January 2002 at Jerera growth point, Masvingo.
164. Mapulanga Kennedy was abducted and found dead on 14 June 2008 in Mwenezi.
165. Mapuranga Stanford was abducted by Zanu PF militia and found dead on 19 June 2008 in Mwenezi, Masvingo.
166. Mapuranga David Tachiwa was beaten to death Zanu PF militia led by army majors Cairo Mhandu and Maravadza in Mazowe on 5 May 2008.
167. Mapurisa Zvidzai was murdered by Zanu PF militia on 24 April 2008 at Village 21 Gunikuni in Masvingo South who accused him of mobilising people to vote for the MDC in March 2008.
168. Maramba Rosemary, who was six months pregnant, was assaulted by Zanu PF youths at Mutawatawata. Her body was later found dumped at Nhakiwa Village in Murehwa on 20 May 2008.
169. Marangwenda Maxwell was beaten to death on 5 July 2008 by Zanu PF supporters in Buhera.
170. Marera, a teacher, was abducted and beaten to death in Mutoko on 15 April 2008.
171. Mashaka Godfrey was abducted by Zanu PF militia led by Beauty Kunaka and Forbes Mhembere in Mhondoro and beaten to death at Gudo business centre.
172. Marufu Doreen a MDC pregnant activist was stoned to death by Zanu PF supporters at Chiweshe Business Centre in Mazowe on 2 May 2000.
173. Marume Thabitha was shot dead by State security agents at Chiwetu Rest Camp in Makoni West on 25 April 2008.
174. Mashinga Anthony date unknown was killed in Goromonzi.
175. Masango Molly date unknown died in Murehwa.
176. Masuka Albert was killed on 20 June 2008 by a gang led by army Col. Mzilikazi in Buhera.
177. Matanda Taurai was shot by soldiers at Murambinda growth point in Buhera on 24 May 2008.
178. Mataruse Peter was murdered in March 2001 in Mashonaland Central.
179. Matema Hilary was tortured to death by members of the Police Internal Service Intelligence in Guruve on 15 January 2001.
180. Matinyarare David was killed on 1 May 2003 in Mufakose, Harare.
181. Matombo Arthur was beaten to death in Mazowe on 5 May 2008 by army major Cairo Mhandu and Maravadza.
182. Matonganhau Patricia was killed by Zanu PF supporters in Mutoko on 20 May 2008.
183. Matope Kenneth was killed on 13 January 2002 in Guruve, Mashonaland Central.
184. Matyatya was murdered on 27 June 2000 in Gweru.
185. Mazambara Maribha was killed by Zanu PF youths in Bikita in June 2008.
186. Mazava Felix was abducted and killed on 11 September 2001 in Chikomba, Mashonaland East.
187. Mbano Chrison died after a group of soldiers petrol-bombed MDC offices in Zaka on 4 June 2008.
188. Mbewe Samson was killed in Goromonzi on 9 August 2000.
189. Mbwanda Tapiwa, 57, was stabbed to death in Hurungwe East on 5 April 2008. He left behind a wife and three children. Jawet Kazangare and an army Private Peter Madamombe were identified as his killers.
190. Meda Tapiwa was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 5 May 2008 in Centenary, Mashonaland Central.
191. Meza Tafadzwa was shot and wounded by soldiers then followed up and killed by a CIO agent, Sydney Shomweyi in Mudzi on 1 June 2008.
192. Mhete Leonard was murdered by Zanu PF thugs at Chigumisirwa Village, Bikita East on 9 June 2008.
193. Midzi Trymore was murdered by police officers on 23 December 2001 in Bindura.
194. Majoni Simwanja was killed on 15 January 2002 in Kwekwe.
195. Moyo Henry was killed on 7 January 2002 in Masvingo.
196. Moyo Tiziro – teacher – was murdered by Zanu PF supporters in Mwenezi on 11 June 2008.
197. Moyounotsva Amos was murdered by Zanu PF supporters in Chitungwiza on 2 July 2008.
198. Mpofu Muchenje was murdered by Zanu PF supporters on 19 January 2002 in Mberengwa East.
199. Mteta Kingswell a police officer died on 24 July 2008 after being beaten by Zanu PF militia in Mudzi where he had gone to pay his mother a visit.
200. Mtetwa Davis was murdered on 27 April 2002 in Zengeza, Chitungwiza.
201. Mtombeni was abducted in Masvingo and found dead on 19 June 2008.
202. Mubaira Phanuel of Mt Darwin died after being assaulted by Zanu PF militia on 19 May 2008.
203. Mubango Choukuse Nyoka was axed to death by Zanu PF supporters who were using a truck owned by self-styled war veteran Joseph Chinotimba in Buhera on 17 May 2008.
204. Mudzuramhende Patson was beaten to death in Mazowe on 5 May 2008 by Zanu PF militia led by army Major Cairo Mhandu and Major Maravadza.
205. Mudzimuirema Cosamu was murdered on 16 July 2002 in Buhera South.
206. Mudzingwa Mabiko was attacked at Chigumisirwa Village, Bikita East by Zanu PF youths and died from injuries sustained on 9 June 2008.
207. Mugauri Runyararo the MDC youth secretary for Mazowe district died at a Harare hospital on 14 August 2008 from injuries sustained after being severely attacked by Zanu PF youths.
208. Mukaiwa Gloria was heavily assaulted by Zanu PF youths leading to her death on 17 May 2008 in Centenary.
209. Mukakarei Tabudamu was killed on 14 February 2002 in Masvingo.
210. Mukadyata Zava of Masvingo. Date Unknown.
211. Mukova Rodrick died after being assaulted by Zanu PF hooligans at Chimudzi Village in Mwenezi, Masvingo North on 11 June 2008.
212. Mugudoki Rodrick a farm worker was hacked to death by Zanu PF youths in Chikomba on 6 December 2001.
213. Mungazi Victor the MDC Hurungwe district secretary for elections was abducted by Zanu PF youths at Magunje growth point and found dead on 15 June 2008.
214. Mukweli Vusimusi was murdered on 9 September 2001 in Gokwe South.
215. Munyaradzi a farm worker was murdered on14 February 2002 in Marondera East.
216. Mundandishe Peter was killed on 22 July 2001 in Bindura.
217. Mupawaenda Tatukwa Mamhova was killed on 16 February 2002 in Zvimba South, Mashonaland West.
218. Mupesa Ndonga was killed on 30 March 2001 in Muzarabani.
219. Murunde Tembo was killed by a Zanu PF gang led by Newton Kachepa in Mudzi on 15 April 2008. They broke his legs and he died on his way to hospital.
220. Musafara Mudimu was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at Manyika Village in Uzumba on 10 May 2008.
221. Mushaya Mationa, a village head, was beaten to death by Zanu PF militia on 17 May 2000 in Mutoko. The assailants were identified as Enock Kuchiva, Nyepanayi Chipuriro, Rise Chifondya, Garikai Gumbedze, Andrew Chipamando, Taurayi Nhari, Macheka Chingwena, and Lazarus Chifodya.
222. Mushaya Onias was murdered on 17 May 2000 in Mutoko. The assailants were identified as Enock Kuchiva, Nyepanayi Chipuriro, Rise Chifondya, Garikai Gumbedze, Andrew Chipamando, Taurayi Nhari, Macheka Chingwena, and Lazarus Chifodya.
223. Mushaike Munoda died after being attacked by Zanu PF youths in Guruve on 2 July 2008.
224. Mushayahembe Ruth was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 10 May 2008 at Chimbwanda Village in Uzumba.
225. Mushonga Delite died after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths on 11 June 2008 in Epworth, Harare.
226. Musekiwa Nhamo died on 24 October 2007 at a hospital in Johannesburg, SA.
227. Musiiwa Lewis died from injuries sustained after being assaulted by Zanu PF militia in Chiweshe on 30 June 2008. 228. Musoni Robert died on 26 March 2000 in Chiweshe.
229. Mutadza Gwindiri died on 7 July 2008 in Mudzi West.
230. Mutemaringa Fungisai died on 27 January 2002 in Murehwa.
231. Mutewe Reuben was killed by army paratroopers identified as Patrick Chimbare, Enos Chimbare and Funny Mambare in Buhera on 12 July 2008.
232. Muteta Kingswell a ZRP officer was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 25 June 2008 in Mutoko. He had visited his mother when a Zanu PF mob accused him of being an MDC activist before assaulting him to death.
233. Mutsvungunu Gift’s heavily tortured body was found on 12 July 2008 in Kuwadzana, Harare after he had been abducted by unidentified men in police uniform.
234. Mutyanda Mandishona an MDC activist was murdered on 29 June 2000.
235. Muza Sage died after being assaulted by police at Hoyuyu in Mutoko on 8 May 2008.
236. Muzenda Tawanda Muchenei died in 2002 in Masvingo.
237. Muzondiwa Takawira died after Zanu PF supporters attacked him at his home in Mberengwa on 5 July 2008.
238. Mwanza Misheck died on 4 May 2001 in Zvimba.
239. Mwaripa Svikai of Masvingo died in 2002.
240. Ngamira Genus an MDC activist was murdered on 5 May 2002 in Bindura, Mashonaland Central.
241. Nyamukada Manyuke, 40, of Manyika Village in Uzumba died at Gelfand Hospital in Harare on 24 May 2008 after he had been brutal assaulted by Zanu PF supporters on 22 May 20008. His homestead was also razed to the ground.
242. Catherine Makwenjere of Mwenezi died on 29 April 2008 at Morgenster Hospital in Masvingo after Zanu PF supporters had assaulted her accusing her of voting for the MDC.
243. Ncube Richard died on 18 July 2002 in Zhombe, Midlands.
244. Ncube Sambani died on 17 March 2002, in Hwange.
245. Ncube Mthokozisi died on 26 January 2002 in Pelandaba, Bulawayo.
246. Ndahwi Manomano was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths on 28 June 2008.
247. Ndira Tonderai was abducted from his Mabvuku home in Harare by armed State security agents on 4 June 2008 and was found dead on 15 June 2008 in Goromonzi. He had gunshot and stab wounds.
248. Ngowani Hama died from injuries sustained after being assaulted by Zanu PF militia on 30 June 2008.
249. Ngundu Sheppard was murdered on 5 February 2002 in Mt Darwin, Mashonaland Central.
250. Ngwerume Edson died after the offices the MDC that he was guarding were petrol bombed by men in army uniforms.
251. Nhende Daniel died after being abducted and assaulted by Zanu PF youths in Epworth on 8 June 2008.
252. Nheya Titus an MDC activist died on December 2001 in Hurungwe West
253. Nhitsa Takesure an MDC activist died on 20 February 2002.
254. Nyadedzi Action who was abducted by Zanu PF youths was found dead on 20 May 2008.
255. Nelson Emmanuel was stabbed to death on 4 May 2002 by Zanu PF youths at Hopley Farm, Harare South and died in hospital on 9 May 2008.
256. Nyamupfungwe Emmanuel was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths led by army Col. Mzilikazi on 20 June 2008 in Buhera.
257. Nemaire Solomon died on 23 January 2002 in Makoni, Manicaland.
258. Neshamba Joshua died after his testicles were tied to bricks in June 2008 by army Col. Mangachena at Neshamba Village, Marondera West.
259. Daniel Nhende of Epworth was attacked by a group of Zanu PF supporters on 5 June 2008 who accused him of supporting and voting for the MDC.
260. Nyamwa Washington was killed after the MDC offices he and three others were in at Jerera Growth Point in Zaka were petrol bombed by men driving an army truck on 3 June 2008.
261. Nyevhe Cain was found dead on 14 May 2008 in Goromonzi district after he had been abducted by State security agents in Murehwa. Nyevhe had gun and stab wounds.
262. Nyagupe Gilbert a well-known MDC activist from Nyagupe Village in Kotwa, Mudzi was axed to death by Zanu PF youth militia and one of them was identified as Jessie Nhau.
263. Nyambirai Winnie of Guruve, Mashonaland Central was killed on 18 May 2001.
264. Nyandoro Gibson of Epworth was abducted and his body found dumped in a dam in Norton in May 2008.
265. Nyamukapa Manyuke was abducted by Zanu PF youths and later found dead in Uzumba on 20 May 2008.
266. Nyika James died in an arson attack after a group soldiers petrol-bombed MDC offices that he was sleeping in at Jerera Growth Point in Zaka, Masvingo on 4 June 2008.
267. Nyika Rambanapasi an MDC activist died on 24 December 2001 after his head was smashed by a Zanu PF supporter who was using a blunt object.
268. Olds Martin a commercial farmer was murdered on 15 April 2000 in Nyamandhlovu, Matebeleland by war veterans.
269. Pfebve Matthew was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 30 April 2000 in Mt Darwin. The cause of death was “massive brain injury from trauma, laceration of the right lung, and assault.” The hit squad, formed at a meeting chaired by the Zanu PF candidate— Border Gezi—included John Karikoga, Shepherd Kararira, M. Mapundu, W. Mapundu, C. Kavaranje, and P. Pfudza.
270. Pilosi Simon was murdered on 26 March 2002 in Zvimba by Zanu PF youths.
271. Phiri Francis was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths in July 2008 in Mashava.
272. Romio Edwin an MDC polling agent was beaten to death in March 2000 by Zanu PF youths in Mutoko.
273. Rukara Kufa was murdered on 19 November 2001 in Silobela, Midlands North province.
274. Runzirwai Irene an MDC activist from Bindura died from injuries sustained after she was attacked by Zanu PF youths on 7 July 2008.
275. Rukuni Thadeus an MDC parliamentary candidate was beaten to death in Bikita East on 29 May 2000.
276. Sabira Trymore was killed by a Zanu PF gang led by Col. Mzilikazi on 20 June 2008 in Buhera.
277. Sibanda Dickson was murdered by armed war veterans on 3 July 2008.
278. Sibanda James was murdered in Nkayi, Matebeleland North in February 2002.
279. Sibindi Halaza was killed on 30 January 2002 in Tsholotsho, Matebeleland North
280. Sibindi Joseph was killed on 29 January 2002 in Bulawayo.
281. Sicwe Jameson was killed by war veterans on 29 January 2002 in Lupane, Matebeland North.
282. Sikhucha Ravengai died on 10 November 2001 in Mberengwa East.
283. Singende was abducted from his home in Gutu by Zanu PF militia and taken to their base, where his testicles were tortured until he died on 21 June 2008.
284. Stevens David a commercial farmer was murdered in Macheke in April 2000.
285. Sanyamahwe Kuziva was murdered on 18 January 2002 in Murehwa South.
286. Sibanda Charles an MDC activist died on 2 March 2002 in Zhombe, Midlands.
287. Sibindi Joseph an MDC activist died in January 2002.
288. Sigauke Charles was murdered by Brighton Muchuwa a Zanu PF thug in Chimanimani on 24 December 2007.
289. Sikucha Ravengai an MDC supporter was killed 10 November 2001 in Mberengwa East, Midlands.
290. Tadyanemhandu Tichaona was killed on 20 June 2000 in Hurungwe East.
291. Taero Crispen was assaulted to death by the CIO agents and Zanu PF supporters in April 2008.
292. Takaendesa Clement was shot dead on 25 October 2007 in Kwekwe.
293. Tandare Gift was shot dead by the police on 11 March 2007 at Zimbabwe Grounds in Highfield, Harare.
294. Tapera Wiseman was beaten to death by Zanu PF supporters in Mutoko on 8 April 2008.
295. Tawengwa Gift was beaten to death by Zanu PF militia in Chiweshe on 30 June 2008.
296. Tawengwa Gibbs brother to Gift also died from injuries sustained after being attacked by Zanu PF militia in Chiweshe on 30 June 2008.
297. Tembedza Martha died on 23 August 2008 after being assaulted by Zanu PF youths in Marondera.
298. Tongodiwa Maxwell Magoche of Chibero in Mashonaland West died from injuries sustained after being attacked by Zanu PF militia in June 2008.
299. Tonera Stephen an MDC activist was murdered by Zanu PF youths on 20 March 2003 in Seke.
300. Vhekavheka Darlington MDC activist killed in Marondera on 15 March 2002.
301. White Fanuel an MDC polling agent was murdered in Guruve on 29 March 2002.
302. Zaya Edson was assaulted by Zanu PF youths and purported war veterans in Shamva and died on 16 May 2008.
303. Zhou Fainos Kufazvinei died after being tortured at Texas Farm in Mberengwa on 10 June 2000 in Mberengwa East by Zanu PF’s Biggie Chitoro.
304. Zhuwawo Bigboy was abducted and murdered by Zanu PF militia led by Chief Chisekete in Muzarabani on 27 April 2008.
305. Zindomba Taurai died after he was attacked and his intestines pulled out by Zanu PF supporters in Makoni on 27 June 2008.
306. Ziome Fungisai was found dead on 23 July 2008 after she had been abducted by Zanu PF supporters in Glendale.
307. Ziweni Osborn was shot and killed on 18 August 2001 in Bikita West.
308. Zireni Tonderai, 3 years old, was burnt to death after Zanu PF youths torched his parent’s home in Zimunya, Mutare on 8 May 2008.
309. Zihwihwi Francis councillor for Ward 23 in Chiwara, Gutu was shot dead by retired major Oscar Madombwe, the husband of Zanu PF’s Shuvai Mahofa in Gutu, Masvingo on 21 June 2008. Mahofa is the Zanu PF losing parliamentary candidate for Gutu South in the March 2008 elections.
310. Ziyengwa Robert an MDC ward chair was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths in Headlands on 25 June 2008.
311. Ziyengwa Jessica was beaten to death together with her husband above on 25 June 2008 in Headlands.
312. Zvavamwe Kidwell was beaten to death by Zanu PF youths at his home in Shamva on 27 May 2008. He was attacked in front of his wife Lucia Mukaru and their three children.
313. Zvidzai Mirai was murdered by Zanu PF supporters on 11 June 2008 in Masvingo.
314. Zinatha Tazvishaya of Ward 18 Gutu East in Masvingo died at Parirenyatwa Hospital in Harare on 2 June 2009 from injuries sustained in June 2008 when he was attacked by Zanu PF hooligans.
315. Edwin Chingami, 32, an MDC election observer in the 2008 elections was murdered on 29 August 2009 at a funeral in Ward 8, Chirove Village in Bikita West, Masvingo Province.
316. Chrispen Mandizvidza, 32, An MDC activist died at the Avenues Clinci after succumbing to injuries he sustained when he was assaulted by Zanu PF hooligans at a Copac outreach meeting at Mai Musodzi Hall in Mbare on 19 September 2010.
317. Anna Mubayiwa,
318. Innocent Muzuva,
319. Alex Magunda,
320. Loveless Sango

Civil society also published similar minimum condition here

Last Updated on Sunday, 11 November 2012 13:40  
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Bhadharai Pano